Causes of Stomach Pain in Children and How to Overcome It

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Causes of Stomach Pain in Children and How to Overcome It
Causes of Stomach Pain in Children and How to Overcome It

Some of the causes of abdominal pain in children are generally harmless and can be cured with home remedies. However, if your child has abdominal pain that lasts for days or is accompanied by other symptoms, this condition needs to be watched out for and needs to be treated as soon as possible

For children who are able to speak, stomach pain will be easier to recognize because children usually directly convey the condition they feel to their parents.

Causes of Stomach Pain in Children and How to Overcome It - Alodokter

However, for children who cannot speak, parents need to pay more attention to the signs that they show. For example, your child will be more fussy than usual, won't eat or drink, curl up in pain, or rub his stomach.

Various Causes of Stomach Pain in Children

The causes of abdominal pain in children are very diverse, depending on the organ in the stomach that is problematic, whether it is the intestine, stomach, liver, or pancreas. The following are various causes of abdominal pain in children caused by problems in the organs in the abdominal cavity:

  • Diarrhea, for example due to food poisoning
  • Gastrointestinal infections, for example due to typhoid fever, shigellosis, or gastrointestinal TB
  • Food allergies or intolerances, such as milk
  • Gastric disorders, such as acid reflux (GERD) or dyspepsia
  • Constipation
  • Appendix
  • Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Hepatitis
  • Hernia or vaginal discharge
  • Intestinal obstruction
  • Inflammation of the pancreas or pancreatitis

In certain cases, abdominal pain in children can also be caused by various other diseases that do not originate from organs in the abdominal cavity, such as:

  • urinary tract infection
  • Problems with the kidneys, such as kidney disease and urinary stones or kidney stones
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease
  • Dysmenorrhea or pain during menstruation
  • Testicular torsion
  • Pneumonia
  • Psychological disorders, such as depression and anxiety disorders

In addition to the various causes above, the consumption of certain drugs, such as corticosteroids, can also have side effects that can cause irritation to the digestive tract and make children sick to the stomach.

Because it can be caused by many things, abdominal pain in children, especially those that are prolonged or severe enough, should be checked by a doctor.

To determine the cause of abdominal pain in children, doctors can perform a physical examination and various supporting examinations, such as blood tests, urine and stool tests, ultrasound, X-rays, and abdominal CT scans.

How to Overcome Stomach Pain in Children

Steps to treat abdominal pain in children are adjusted to the cause. If your child's stomach pain lasts less than 24 hours without any other symptoms, you can try to treat it at home.

When your little one has a stomach ache, it's important to keep his body fluid sufficient so he doesn't get dehydrated. You can give your child water or other types of drinks, such as chicken broth or ginger water.

To prevent stomach pain from getting worse, avoid giving children the following foods and drinks:

  • Fried and oily food
  • Spicy food
  • Fizzy or caffeinated drinks, such as coffee and tea
  • Sour fruit, such as citrus fruit

If your child has an upset stomach due to a milk allergy or lactose intolerance, it's best to avoid giving milk for some time.

You can also give your little one food in smaller portions but more often, and make sure he eats slowly. This is to prevent the stomach from feeling full and uncomfortable.

If your little one is constipated, you can also provide high-fiber foods, such as jelly, fruit, and vegetables. That way, it will be easier for him to defecate.

If your little one has severe abdominal pain, you can give pain relievers, such as paracetamol. However, giving other painkillers, such as ibuprofen or aspirin, is not recommended without a doctor's permission because this has the potential to exacerbate the abdominal pain he is experiencing.

Stomach Pain Conditions in Children to Watch Out for

Stomach pain in children that appears occasionally and can go away on its own is generally not dangerous. However, you need to be alert, if your little one has stomach pain that doesn't get better within 24 hours, stomach pain is very severe, or is accompanied by the following symptoms:

  • Repeated vomiting or vomiting blood
  • Diarrhea or bloody stools
  • Reduced appetite, especially until signs of dehydration appear
  • Fever
  • Skin and eyes are yellow
  • Difficulty breathing
  • The weight has decreased drastically
  • Loss of consciousness

If your child has stomach pain accompanied by the above symptoms, take him to the doctor immediately so he can get the right treatment. This needs to be done to prevent dangerous complications that can occur, such as severe dehydration, sepsis, bleeding, or severe organ damage.

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