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There are several ways to deal with ulcers that you can do, from improving your diet and lifestyle to taking medicines from the doctor. However, to be more effective, the treatment of heartburn must be adjusted to the cause
In medical terms, an ulcer is called dyspepsia. Ulcer is actually not a disease, but a symptom of gastric disorders, such as GERD, gastric infection, gastritis or gastric ulcers.
The emergence of ulcer symptoms is often caused by an unhe althy diet and lifestyle, for example the habit of consuming too spicy food, smoking, consuming alcoholic beverages and coffee, and having psychological problems, such as severe stress, depression, and disorders. anxious.
Therefore, how to deal with ulcers is not only done by taking ulcer drugs, but also by changing bad habits that can trigger ulcers.
How to Overcome Ulcer with Medical Drugs
The following are medicines that can be used as a remedy for ulcers:
Antacids are drugs used to neutralize stomach acid and prevent the risk of irritation to the stomach and esophagus. There are several types of antacids that are commonly used, namely calcium carbonate, aluminum hydroxide, magnesium hydroxide, simethicone, and sodium bicarbonate.
2. H2 receptor antagonist (H2RA)
H2RA is a class of drugs used to reduce the production of stomach acid. Types of drugs that belong to the H2RA group include cimetidine, famotidine, nizatidine, and ranitidine. This method of dealing with ulcers is chosen by many people with ulcers because it can relieve complaints quickly.
3. Proton pump inhibitors (PPI)
Just like H2RA, PPI class drugs also function to reduce gastric acid production. The PPI class of drugs is also quite effective for treating symptoms of ulcers and heartburn. Drugs belonging to the PPI class include omeprazole, lansoprazole, rabeprazole, pantoprazole, and esomeprazole.
Antibiotic drugs are only used to treat ulcers caused by Helicobacter pylori infection in the stomach. There are several types of antibiotics that can be prescribed by doctors as a way to treat ulcers due to gastric infections, including amoxicillin, clarithromycin, metronidazole, tetracycline, tinidazole, and levofloxacin.
The next way to deal with ulcers is to take prokinetics prescribed by a doctor. This drug is known to help treat ulcers by speeding up the process of gastric emptying. Several types of drugs belonging to the prokinetic drug class are bethanechol and metoclopramide.
Sucralfate is a drug that works by coating and protecting the stomach wall from irritation. In addition to treating ulcers, this drug is also used to support the healing process of gastric damage, and prevent ulcer disease caused by bacteria such as H. pylori from coming back.
How to Overcome Other Ulcers
In addition to the use of medical drugs, how to deal with ulcers must also be accompanied by the following steps:
Adjusting the diet
As a way to deal with ulcers, there are good daily eating habits and patterns to apply, namely:
- Consuming food in small portions, but often
- Chewing food slowly so the body can digest food properly
- Get used to not lying down immediately after eating, wait at least 3 hours
- Avoiding foods that trigger heartburn, such as chocolate, spicy foods, and foods that are too acidic, such as tomatoes and oranges
- Avoid soft drinks, caffeine, and alcoholic beverages
Applying positive habits
There are also some good habits that you can do to treat and prevent ulcers, including:
- No smoking
- Not drinking much suddenly
- Regular exercise
- Do not exercise immediately after eating
- Don't wear tight clothes that can put pressure on the stomach and trigger acid reflux disease
- Do not take drugs that can cause irritation to the stomach, such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
If your stomach ulcer is caused by stress, your doctor may also recommend relaxation exercises, meditation, and even counseling.
However, if your ulcer is triggered by a more serious psychological problem, your doctor will advise you to undergo psychotherapy and use drugs to treat the psychological problem.
Although it rarely causes serious complications, you should apply the above methods to prevent severe symptoms. Heartburn that occurs continuously can make your appetite decrease, thus affecting the intake of nutrients to the body.
If you have heartburn that doesn't go away for more than 2 weeks, you should consult a doctor.Likewise, if stomach ulcers cause weight loss, nausea and vomiting, weakness, difficulty chewing, black bowel movements, shortness of breath, or chest pain.