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Although it is a normal condition, many people are disturbed when stretch marks appear on their skin. Find out here what are the causes of stretch marks, so that this skin problem can be prevented as early as possible
Stretch marks are scratches that often appear on the skin of body parts that contain a lot of fat, such as the breasts, upper abdomen, upper arms, thighs, and buttocks. These strokes that were originally red, pink, or purple will eventually turn white or gray.
Cause Stretch Mark
Not everyone has stretch marks. This condition is usually experienced by people whose skin contains little collagen, which is a protein that makes skin supple. Stretch marks generally appear because body size increases faster than skin development and elasticity.
When the skin is stretched quickly, the middle layer of the skin (dermis) will thin, so that the layers beneath it come to the surface. If so, will appear lines or streaks of redness, sometimes accompanied by itching. Over time this line will turn white or gray. This condition is called stretch marks.
Here are some conditions that can increase a person's risk of developing stretch marks:
- Rapid weight gain
- Light skin tone
- There is a family history of stretch marks
- Certain he alth disorders, such as Marfan syndrome or Cushing syndrome
- Incorrect use of corticosteroid drugs
How to Prevent Stretch Marks
Stretch marks are a common condition that cannot always be prevented. However, there are several ways that can be done to minimize the risk of the appearance of stretch marks, including:
1. Maintain a he althy weight
Stretch marks are most often caused by rapid weight gain. Therefore, keep your body weight in a stable condition. If you want to lose weight, do it gradually. Try not to lose more than kilogram per week.
For pregnant women, weight gain should also be maintained, so that the risk of experiencing stretch marks can decrease. The actual weight gain in pregnant women varies, but generally ranges from 10–12.5 kilograms.
But remember, pregnant women are not recommended to go on a diet or lose weight. Just keep the consumption of he althy and nutritionally balanced foods, so that your weight does not spike drastically during pregnancy. In addition, natural ingredients, such as olive oil and aloe vera, may also help fade stretch marks in pregnant women.
2. Implementing a he althy diet
He althy and fresh food can also keep the skin he althy, so that the appearance of stretch marks can be avoided. Get used to eating foods rich in vitamin E, vitamin C, protein, and zinc, so that your skin's collagen can increase.
3. Maintain fluid intake
Drinking enough water can also help keep your skin moisturized and soft. This is because well-hydrated skin has a lower risk of developing stretch marks than dry skin.
You should also reduce the consumption of caffeinated drinks, such as coffee, because this can also increase the risk of the appearance of stretch marks. If you find it difficult to reduce your caffeine intake, make sure you balance it by drinking caffeine-free fluids.
In addition to preventing, there are also several things you can do to disguise or minimize stretch marks, including covering them with special creams or cosmetics, using stretch mark removal creams, or doing chemical peels, laser therapy, and cosmetic surgery.
Stretch marks are actually harmless and can disappear over time so they don't require special handling and care. However, if stretch marks are bothering you for some reason, you can consult a dermatologist about this.