Knowing Transgender and the Accompanying Disease Risks

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Knowing Transgender and the Accompanying Disease Risks
Knowing Transgender and the Accompanying Disease Risks

Transgender still gets negative stigma in society. In fact, transgender is not a mental disorder as most people think. However, there are he alth risks that a transgender person must face

Gender refers to the reflection of humans on themselves and is formed from social roles, activities, behavior, and the environment. Transgender people are people who feel that their gender identity does not match their gender at birth.

Getting to Know Transgender and the Risks of Accompanying Diseases - Alodokter

For example, a transgender woman is someone who is born male, but that person feels that she or she is a woman. And vice versa.

Transgender at a glance

As previously explained, transgender is not classified as a mental disorder. However, a transgender person is at high risk for mental disorders due to internal conflicts and social pressures.

This is because transgender people often hide their identity from the social environment for years because they are afraid that they will not be accepted by society and no one will understand their condition.

Over time, this often makes transgender people feel depressed, depressed, unable to carry out daily activities, and even interact with other people.

If that happens, transgender people can consult a psychiatrist or psychologist to improve their mental he alth and evaluate their condition further. In some cases, gender transition is one solution.

Procedures Undergoing a Gender Transition

Some transgender individuals undergo physical changes in ways that they feel fit their identity. The procedures for undergoing gender transition that are generally carried out include:

hormone replacement therapy

Hormone replacement therapy in transgender men or trans men serves to stimulate the growth of mustaches and other masculine physical characteristics, such as skin color, hair, voice, and fat distribution.

Meanwhile, transgender women or transwomen do hormone replacement therapy that aims to shape the breasts, reduce muscle shape, increase fat in the hips, and change the voice.


Transgenders who undergo surgery generally want a permanent physical change according to their identity. Transwomen who undergo surgery aim to change their voice, face, skin, hips, breasts, buttocks, to the removal of the penis and testicles.

Meanwhile, surgery for trans men aims to change the appearance of the chest and genital organs and remove the uterus (hysterectomy), fallopian tubes, and ovaries.

A transgender person usually also makes changes in the way he dresses or behaves and changes his name. However, a person can also identify himself as transgender without making these changes.

Risks of Undergoing Gender Transition Procedure

Transgenders who undergo hormone therapy procedures, silicone injections, or surgery are at risk of experiencing several he alth problems. The following are he alth problems that need to be watched out for after making a gender transition:

  • Infertility
  • bone loss
  • High blood pressure
  • Changes in body metabolism
  • Excessive weight gain
  • Blood clot or embolism

Undergoing gender reassignment surgery or other body forms is a big decision and requires careful consideration. In addition, there are various he alth and social life risks after undergoing surgery.

Recognizing the Consequences of Transgender Related Diseases

Transgender people are also at risk of having reproductive he alth problems and sexually transmitted diseases, such as HIV, syphilis, and gonorrhea. Therefore, it is important for sexually active transgender people to always use a condom when having sex.

In addition, there are other factors that put transgender people at risk for he alth problems, including:

  • Stereotypes and discrimination related to transgender, so that they are not comfortable to check their he alth.
  • Limited access to special he alth services for transgender people.
  • Mental and physical he alth care centers are inadequate to treat transgender people.

Early detection is very necessary to find out diseases that transgender can experience. Regular checkups are important for every transgender person to check the he alth of the uterus, cervix, breasts, or prostate gland.

Transgender is part of gender diversity and is still being discussed in society. However, the most important thing we can do is respect everyone's gender identity. An understanding of gender also needs to be given to children and adolescents according to their age.

If you are having trouble expressing or accepting your gender identity, don't hesitate to consult a psychologist or psychiatrist. That way, you can get safe advice or therapy.

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