Know how to maintain the ideal child's weight

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Know how to maintain the ideal child's weight
Know how to maintain the ideal child's weight

Maintaining an ideal child's weight is not an easy matter for some parents. Many parents find it difficult to adjust or maintain an ideal body weight, especially when their child has difficulty eating, is recovering from illness, or has an unhe althy diet

Every child has a different growth process. In addition, heredity also plays a major role in determining a child's weight and body shape. However, in general, appropriate calculations are needed to determine whether the child's weight is normal and he althy. The calculation can be done through the assessment of body mass index.

Know How to Maintain an Ideal Child's Weight - Alodokter

Utilizing BMI as an Indicator of He althy Child Weight

Body mass index (BMI) or body mass index (BMI) is used to determine whether a child's weight is ideal. This method was developed by experts to determine a he althy weight range according to height.

To determine a child's BMI, you need to measure the child's height and weight. Once you know your child's height and weight data, you can find out if your child's BMI is within the normal range using the example calculation below.

If your child weighs 40 kg and is 1.40 m (140 cm) tall, the following is the calculation of his body mass index:

  • Multiply the child's height in meters squared → 1, 40 x 1, 40=1, 96
  • Next, divide the child's weight by the square of the height → 40: 1, 96=20, 4.
  • Your child's BMI score is 20, 4.

After you get a child's BMI number, you can determine whether the child's weight is ideal, underweight, or excessive based on the BMI classification for children according to their age.

Another way is to compare the child's weight with a graph of the child's weight gain based on age that you can see on the Card Towards He althy.

If the results show that your child is underweight, overweight, or obese, you are advised to consult a pediatrician. After that, the doctor can provide the right treatment so that the child's weight can be normal.

Children's nutrition and he alth problems are important to be detected as early as possible so as not to interfere with the process of growth and development.

How to Maintain Ideal Child Weight

To keep your child's weight ideal, you can follow the following tips:

1. Provide balanced nutritious food

Children whose weight is below normal do not mean that they should be given high-calorie or fatty foods. They still need a balanced nutritious diet consisting of carbohydrates, fiber, protein, good fats, as well as vitamins and minerals.

2. Give supplements

If the nutritional needs are not met through food, either because the food is less varied or the child has difficulty eating, you can provide nutritional supplements.

Supplementation is also beneficial for children who are malnourished due to digestive disorders or certain he alth problems.

However, before giving nutritional supplements to children, it is important to consult a doctor first so that the doctor can determine the type and dosage of nutritional supplements that are right for your child.

3. Get used to exercise regularly

In addition to being fun for children, exercising or doing physical activity regularly has many he alth benefits.

Exercise is good for strengthening bones and muscles, maintaining ideal body weight, lowering blood pressure, reducing stress and anxiety, and helping to increase children's self-confidence.

Physical activity is good for underweight and overweight children. For children who are underweight, exercise is useful for increasing appetite.

Meanwhile, for children who are overweight, exercise is useful for burning calories and losing weight to make it more ideal.

4. Avoid stress

Stress in children can interfere with appetite or eating patterns. When experiencing excessive stress, children often skip meals, eat too much, become lazy to eat, or choose unhe althy foods.

Therefore, it is important for parents to keep their child's weight ideal to avoid he alth problems in the future. Children who are too thin or underweight will be more at risk of developing growth disorders, weak immune systems, and learning difficulties.

On the other hand, being overweight is not he althy for children. Being overweight or even obese in children can increase the risk of various diseases, such as type 2 diabetes, high cholesterol, and high blood pressure.

To monitor your child's weight, you can do regular weighing at home or at he alth facilities, such as puskesmas, posyandu, or doctor's clinic.

If your child is having problems growing and developing or you are having trouble maintaining your child's ideal weight, please consult a doctor for treatment. This is important to do to improve the nutritional status of children and keep their bodies he althy.

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