Table of contents:
- The Cause of Stretch Marks
- Preventing Stretch Marks in Pregnancy
- Overcoming Stretch Marks After Childbirth
Although not dangerous, the appearance of stretch marks during pregnancy often makes pregnant women feel less confident or even disturbed. However, pregnant women need not worry, because there are several ways that can be done to disguise the stretch marks that appear
When pregnant, the body will enlarge so that the skin will stretch to adjust to the changes that occur. This condition causes the elastic fibers under the skin's surface to break and form fine lines called stretch marks.
The parts of the body that are vulnerable to the appearance of stretch marks are the breasts, stomach, buttocks, thighs, hips, and upper arms. The appearance of stretch marks is marked by purplish red lines or strokes on the surface of the skin and in some pregnant women can be accompanied by itching.
The Cause of Stretch Marks
Stretch marks are caused by stretching of the skin. The severity of stretch marks in each pregnant woman is different. This can be influenced by several factors, namely:
- Fetus has a size large enough or baby twins
- Pregnancy with excess amniotic fluid
- History of stretch marks during pregnancy in biological family, for example mother, sister, or grandmother
- Pregnancy at a young age which makes the skin stretch more
Preventing Stretch Marks in Pregnancy
The following are some steps that pregnant women can take to prevent stretch marks from appearing during pregnancy:
- Eat nutritious foods, such as fruits and vegetables, and avoid foods high in fat, sugar, and s alt
- Sufficient fluid needs by drinking at least 8 glasses of water every day
- Doing regular exercise, including pregnancy exercise, to keep skin elastic
- Using lotion on the body to keep the skin moist, elastic, supple, and reduce itching
- Consuming vitamin E supplements or applying vitamin E cream on the skin surface, but consult your doctor before using it
Overcoming Stretch Marks After Childbirth
In general, stretch marks will fade on their own within 6–12 months after giving birth. The originally reddish stroke will fade to become lighter than the surrounding skin, but the texture remains the same.
If stretch marks don't go away and you feel uncomfortable, consult a dermatologist to treat them.
To treat stretch marks, the doctor may provide the following treatment:
Hyaluronic acid gel with onion extract
Research shows that the use of a gel containing a mixture of hyaluronic acid and onion extract can fade stretch marks after 12 weeks of regular use.
Retinoids (vitamin A)
Retinoids (vitamin A) are able to stimulate the formation of new cells and accelerate the growth of new collagen. As a result, the skin will become he althier. However, the use of retinoids must be according to a doctor's prescription, especially for pregnant and lactating women.
Laser rays are proven to fade stretch marks on the skin's surface. The effect of the heat from the laser can increase the growth of collagen, thereby shrinking the dilated blood vessels.
Stretch marks may not disappear completely, but they can be disguised over time. If you are bothered by stretch marks that appear during pregnancy or if the stretch marks do not fade after you give birth, try to consult a doctor for treatment.