X-Ray, Here's What You Should Know

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X-Ray, Here's What You Should Know
X-Ray, Here's What You Should Know

X-ray is an examination procedure using electromagnetic wave radiation or X-rays to display pictures of the inside of the body. In addition to detecting he alth problems, X-rays can also be used as a supporting procedure in certain medical procedures

On an X-ray, an image of a solid object, such as bone, will be shown as a white area. Meanwhile, the air in the lungs will appear black and the image of fat or muscle is shown in gray.

X-rays, this is what you need to know - Alodokter

In some types of X-rays, additional dyes (contrast) are used that are drunk or injected, such as iodine or barium. The purpose of this coloring agent is to make the resulting image clearer and more detailed.

This X-ray procedure is carried out in a hospital by a trained doctor or radiology officer. Although radiation has a risk of triggering the growth of cancer cells, radiation exposure from X-rays is considered very small and is considered safe, especially when compared to the benefits.

X-ray Indication

X-rays are done to see the condition of the inside of the body, from bones, joints, to internal organs. There are various conditions and diseases that can be detected with X-rays, including fractures, osteoporosis, infections, digestive disorders, heart swelling, and breast tumors.

In addition to detecting problems that occur in the body, X-rays can also be done to observe the progress of the disease, find out the progress of the treatment being carried out, as well as serve as guidelines for carrying out certain procedures, such as placing a ring on the heart.

The following are some examination procedures that use x-ray technology, namely:

  • X-ray radiographyX-ray radiography is generally used to detect fractures, tumors, pneumonia, dental disorders, and foreign objects that enter the body.

  • MammographyMammography is performed by doctors to examine and detect various abnormalities in the breast, such as the growth of cancer cells, tumors, or calcium buildup.

  • CT scan (computed tomography)CT scan combines X-ray technology with a computer system to produce images of the inside of the body from various angles and sections.CT scans can be used to detect various he alth problems, from pulmonary embolism to kidney stones.

  • FluoroscopyFluoroscopy procedure aims to observe the condition of body organs in real time by producing a video-like sequel image. In addition to detecting various he alth problems, fluoroscopy can also be used to support certain medical procedures, such as the installation of a heart ring.

  • Radiation therapyUnlike the type of X-ray above which is generally used to detect disease, radiation therapy is used to treat cancer by damaging the DNA of tumors and cancer cells..

X-ray Alert

If you are pregnant, please inform your doctor about it. Although there is a very small risk to pregnancy, X-rays are usually not recommended for pregnant women except for emergency measures or when the benefits far outweigh the risks.

Parents are advised to discuss with their doctor the benefits and risks of X-rays on their children before this procedure is performed. This is because children tend to be more sensitive to radiation exposure.

Before X-ray

Usually, there is no special preparation for X-rays. However, if the X-ray to be taken uses a contrast agent, sometimes the patient is asked to fast and stop taking certain drugs first.

For examination of the digestive tract, the patient can also be asked to take laxatives so that the bowel image is clear of feces.

It is recommended for the patient to wear comfortable and loose clothing. The patient may be asked to change into clothes or pants with the clothes provided by the hospital.

In addition, avoid using metal jewelry or accessories when going for an X-ray because it can block the resulting image. If the patient has metal implants in the body, tell the doctor before the procedure.

X-Ray Procedure

When carrying out an X-ray, the patient can be asked to lie down, sit, or stand, and perform certain positions according to the part of the body to be photographed or examined. For example, for a chest X-ray, the patient is usually asked to stand up.

Photo film in the form of a plate which will be processed into an image placed according to the part of the body you want to photograph. Unscanned body parts are usually covered with a protective cloth to avoid X-ray exposure.

Furthermore, an X-ray device that resembles a tube and is equipped with a light will be directed at the part of the body to be examined. The device will produce X-rays to produce images of the inside of the body on special photo film.

When taking X-rays, the patient is asked not to move and hold his breath so that the image does not blur. Therefore, for pediatric patients, sometimes a strap is needed to hold the position so that the child does not move.For clarity, this X-ray can be taken from several angles.

During the taking of X-rays, the patient will not feel anything. However, for fracture patients, patients may feel pain or discomfort when they have to move their bodies.

The X-ray photo takes only a few minutes. However, for certain X-ray procedures, such as the use of contrast agents, the procedure may take up to 1 hour or more.

After X-ray

After the X-ray, the patient can change back into his hospital clothes with his personal clothes. Depending on the condition of each patient, the doctor can advise the patient to rest until the photos come out or allow the patient to go home immediately.

If the X-ray procedure is carried out using a contrast agent, the patient is advised to drink lots of water to help remove the contrast substance from the body through urine.

The results of the X-ray will be studied by the radiology doctor. The results of the photo can also be given to the patient after printing. The length of time that X-rays are released varies. In an emergency, results can be issued in minutes.

X-Ray Complications

X-rays generally do not cause complications. Although radiation has the risk of triggering the growth of cancer cells, radiation exposure from X-rays is considered very small and is considered safe.

However, complications may occur if X-rays are performed with contrast agents, especially those that are injected. These complications can be in the form of an allergic reaction or the injection area feels pain, swelling, and redness.

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