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Until now, cancer is still one of the leading causes of death in the world. In Indonesia, cancer is also quite high, even tends to increase every year. So, it is important for you to know the types of cancer and how to prevent it early
Generally, the symptoms of cancer are not realized by the sufferer, so that many cancer patients only visit the doctor when there are complaints. Not infrequently at that time the cancer was in an advanced stage.
Types of Cancer to Watch Out for
Of the various cancers, there are several types of cancer that are experienced by many Indonesians, namely:
Lung cancer can affect both men and women, with the main risk factor for a person developing lung cancer is smoking. Not only active smokers who experience lung cancer, passive smokers can also experience it. Although it takes a process, but you are advised to try to stop smoking and avoid cigarette smoke.
Breast cancer is generally experienced by women, although it is still possible for men to experience it. The main symptom of breast cancer is a lump that feels different from the tissue around the breast, can be accompanied by pain, to abnormal discharge from the breast.
Colorectal cancer is cancer that starts in the large intestine or rectum.This type of cancer often starts as polyps, which can form on the inner wall of the colon or rectum. Some polyps can become cancerous, and the way to prevent this is to remove them.
Cervical cancer is cancer that appears in the cervix. Generally, cervical cancer is caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV) which can be transmitted during sexual contact with an infected person.
The most common type of liver cancer is hepatocellular carcinoma, which often occurs in people with chronic liver disease, such as cirrhosis, caused by hepatitis B infection. or hepatitis C.
Other types of cancer that are also common in Indonesia, are oral cancer, stomach cancer, blood cancer, and eye cancer.
Understanding How to Prevent Cancer
In general, the occurrence of cancer can be triggered by lifestyle, genetic factors, and exposure to carcinogens. Among all these trigger factors, lifestyle and diet are the biggest triggers for cancer.
According to research data, several factors that can increase the risk of cancer are smoking, obesity, frequent consumption of baked or baked foods, and lack of consumption of vegetables and fruit.
Therefore, some ways to prevent cancer that you can do include:
- Consuming he althy food
- Quit smoking
- Maintain a he althy weight and be physically active
- Routinely carry out medical examinations according to doctor's recommendations
- Avoid risky behavior during sexual intercourse, and don't share needles and the like
In addition, you also need to routinely carry out screening checks as an effort to detect the types of cancer that have been mentioned above. Early detection of cancer is very important and can increase the success rate of cure. So don't hesitate to consult a doctor to get information regarding these types of cancer and their prevention.