Table of contents:
- Series IVF Procedure
- Various Conditions Require IVF Procedure
- Considering the Risks of IVF Procedure
- Determining Factors for the Success of IVF Procedure
Couples who are having trouble having children don't need to be discouraged. In addition to the natural way, IVF procedures can also be taken to have offspring. Come on, see the discussion about IVF procedures in this article
Medically, IVF is also known as in vitro fertilization (IVF). IVF is one of the most effective procedures to create a pregnancy for couples who have fertility problems or infertility.
This procedure is done by bringing together egg cells and sperm cells outside the body, namely in a special tube in the laboratory. After the egg is successfully fertilized, the fetus that is formed will be implanted in the uterus to produce a pregnancy.
Series IVF Procedure
In vitro fertilization procedures are generally recommended by doctors when taking drugs, surgery, or artificial insemination is not able to overcome infertility problems. This step can also be performed on couples who have been trying to create a pregnancy for years, but to no avail.
Here are a series of IVF procedures you need to know:
- The IVF procedure begins with giving female patients hormone injections. This injection is used to produce several eggs at once.
- After that, drugs will be given to help mature the developing egg and stimulate the ovulation process or the release of the egg.
- Testing through blood tests or ultrasound will be carried out to determine the body's readiness for the egg retrieval process.
- After the egg cells in the female patient's body have matured, the doctor will take the egg with a special needle. This procedure is usually done with the help of ultrasound and can take about 30–60 minutes.
- After that, the egg will be reunited with the partner's sperm. This sperm is usually taken on the same day as the egg collection. Then, the fertilized egg will be stored and monitored in the laboratory.
- When the embryo or future fetus resulting from the fertilization of the egg and sperm is considered mature enough, the embryo will be inserted through the vagina into the uterus using a tube called a catheter. To increase the chances of getting pregnant, 3 embryos are generally transferred at once.
- Two weeks after embryo transfer, female patients will be asked to take a pregnancy test.
Various Conditions Require IVF Procedure
For some women over 40 years old, IVF is often recommended as a method to treat infertility or infertility. In addition, IVF procedures are also usually recommended for several conditions that may make it difficult to get pregnant, such as:
- Disorders in the fallopian tubes or uterus, such as scar tissue in these organs
- Ovulation disorders that make egg production irregular or optimal
- Disorders with partner's sperm, for example low sperm count or sperm not being able to reach the uterus
- Immune system problems that interfere with egg or sperm cells, such as autoimmune diseases
- Certain hereditary diseases or genetic disorders
Considering the Risks of IVF Procedure
If you and your partner are planning to undergo IVF, remember that this procedure still has risks that must be considered. Although relatively rare, IVF procedures can cause infection, bleeding, or damage to certain organs, such as the intestines.
In addition, women who undergo IVF procedures can also experience ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome. This occurs due to side effects of drugs used to stimulate the formation of eggs in the ovaries (ovaries).
This condition can cause various symptoms, ranging from bloating, cramping or mild pain, constipation, weight gain, to unbearable pain in the stomach.
Besides that, there are several other risks of IVF procedure, namely:
- Twin pregnancy, if more than 1 embryo is implanted into the uterus and grows successfully
- Premature birth and low birth weight babies
- ectopic pregnancy or pregnancy outside the womb
- Genetic abnormalities in the fetus
Besides that, IVF procedures are very laborious, emotional and cost-intensive as well as possible to cause stress. This can also interfere with the effectiveness of the IVF procedure.
Determining Factors for the Success of IVF Procedure
There are several factors that determine the success of the IVF procedure. A woman's age is one of the main factors. The optimal age for women for a successful IVF process is around 23–39 years, with the highest percentage being under the age of 35.
Besides age, several other factors can also affect the success rate of IVF procedures, such as a medical history of reproductive organs, causes of infertility, and lifestyle factors.
Given the many things that need to be considered before carrying out IVF procedures, you and your partner are encouraged to consult with your doctor first. That way, the doctor can give you advice that fits your condition.