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Deworming disease can not only be experienced by children, but also by adults. This disease is more common in people who live in environments with poor sanitation or do not lead a clean and he althy lifestyle (PHBS)
worms can sometimes cause no symptoms at all. Although symptomatic, this disease usually causes atypical complaints and can be similar to other diseases.
In general, the symptoms of intestinal worms are in the form of abdominal pain, diarrhea, nausea and vomiting, no appetite, to weight loss. If not treated properly, intestinal worms can lead to more serious he alth problems, such as anemia.
Recognizing the Causes of Worms in the Body
Cleanliness is not maintained or a dirty environment is still one of the main factors causing intestinal worms, especially in areas with poor sanitation. However, the cause of worms can be different for each person, depending on what type of worms enter the body.
Here are some of the most common types of worms that cause intestinal worms in humans:
Tapeworms or Cestoda can be recognized from their shape that looks like a ribbon, which is flat with segments all over its body. Adult tapeworms can reach 25 meters in length and can live for 30 years.
Tapeworms enter the human body when hands come into contact with feces or soil containing worm eggs, which are then carried into the mouth when eating.
In addition, tapeworms can also enter through consumption of food or drink that has been contaminated with worm eggs. Consumption of raw or undercooked pork, beef or fish can also lead to the entry of tapeworms into the human body.
Adult hookworms with a length of about 5–13 millimeters and hookworm larvae (newly hatched hookworms) can penetrate the skin, for example through bare feet, then enter the blood circulation and are carried into the lungs -lungs and throat.
Meanwhile, if swallowed, hookworms will enter the digestive tract and live in the small intestine.
Hookworms can enter the body through physical contact, namely when someone touches or steps on the ground that contains larvae and adult hookworms. In addition, hookworm infection can also occur through food or drink that has been contaminated with the eggs and larvae of these worms.
Hookworm infection is still common in tropical and humid climates with poor environmental sanitation, including Indonesia. Not only humans, hookworm infection can also be experienced by animals, such as dogs and cats.
Pinworms are white and smooth, about 5–13 millimeters long. Pinworm infections are mostly experienced by school-age children.
Pinworm infection generally occurs when a person consumes food or drink contaminated with the parasite. In addition, the transmission of pinworms can also be through hands that are dirty and rarely washed.
The pinworm eggs then enter the intestine and develop into adult worms within a few weeks. If the egg reaches the anus and is scratched, it can transfer to the finger, which may accidentally touch the surface of another object or person.
Roundworms are quite large, with a length of about 10–35 cm. Roundworms can enter the human body through soil that has been contaminated with these worm eggs.
When they enter the body, the eggs hatch in the intestines, then spread through the blood vessels or lymph channels to other organs of the body, such as the lungs or bile.
To deal with intestinal worms, the doctor will likely give deworming medicine not only for the patient, but also for all family members to prevent repeated infections. Commonly prescribed drugs include mebendazole, albendazole, ivermectin, or praziquantel.
If the patient is anemic, the doctor may also prescribe iron supplements. To treat infections with worms that are large enough, such as roundworms, or worms that block the bile duct or appendix, the doctor may need to perform surgery.
Tips to Prevent Worm Disease
There are several things you can do to prevent infection with intestinal worms, including:
- Wash your hands regularly, especially after using the toilet, changing a baby's diaper, before cooking, and before eating.
- Storage raw meat and fish properly, then cook until cooked.
- Wash fruits and vegetables properly before consumption.
- Give deworming medicine for pets, such as cats and dogs, regularly.
- Avoid walking barefoot and touching the ground or sand without gloves.
- Cut your nails regularly and avoid biting
Meanwhile, if you have a worm infection, there are several things you can do to speed up healing and prevent the spread of worm eggs, including:
- Wash the anus in the morning to reduce the number of worm eggs, because worms usually lay eggs at night.
- Change underwear and sheets every day while infected.
- Wash nightwear, bed sheets, underwear and towels in hot water to kill worm eggs.
- Avoid scratching the itchy area around the anus.
worm disease should not be taken lightly. If you or a family member experience symptoms of intestinal worms, consult a doctor to find out how to properly handle it.