Aerosol Therapy for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Table of contents:

Aerosol Therapy for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Aerosol Therapy for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Aerosols are particles of substances in the air or gas. Medically, aerosol is useful as a therapy to treat disorders of the respiratory tract. This therapy is used by inhalation so that the drug particles can enter the body through the respiratory tract

In the medical world, aerosol drugs are generally available in the form of a spray or a vapor. Aerosol drugs that are used by inhalation usually require a special tool in the form of a nebulizer, namely a machine that can convert liquids into vapours.

Aerosol Therapy for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease - Alodokter

In addition, aerosol drugs can also be used directly from the inhaler, namely drug preparations in the form of a spray tube that can spray aerosol drugs directly into the respiratory tract.

Aerosol therapy is usually used as a treatment for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). In addition, this therapy can also be used to treat other diseases of the lungs and respiratory tract, such as chronic bronchitis, asthma, and emphysema.

Introducing Aerosol Therapy Device

The main advantage of aerosol therapy is that it is able to deliver the drug directly to the respiratory tract in a short time, so that the effect of the drug can work immediately after the therapy is given.

There are several types of drugs that are often used as inhalation therapy, namely bronchodilators to widen and relieve the respiratory tract, corticosteroids to treat inflammation, antibiotics to treat bacterial infections, anticholinergics to help relax the respiratory muscles, and mucolytics to thin phlegm.

The following are two types of devices used in aerosol therapy:


Inhaler is an inhaler that works by spraying medicine through a mouthpiece or mask. Inhalers work faster than oral drugs (drink) which must go through the process of absorption in the digestive tract first. Aerosol therapy using inhalers is available in 3 types, namely:

  • Metered dose inhaler

    Device for injecting asthma medication directly into the lungs in the form of an aerosol. You have to press the device to blow the medicine into your lungs.

  • Dry powder inhalerThis device is also used to introduce medicine into the respiratory tract. The difference with a metered dose inhaler, you simply inhale this tool so that the drug can enter the lungs, without having to press the inhaler tube.

  • Soft mist inhalerThis device is capable of converting medication into vapor form, thereby maximizing the absorption and performance of drugs that enter the lungs.


Nebulizer is an inhalation therapy device or aerosol therapy that works by converting liquid medicine into a vapor that can be inhaled.

In contrast to inhalers which are small and easy to carry, nebulizers are quite large in size and less practical to carry when traveling. However, both inhalers and nebulizers are good for aerosol therapy.

There are several types of nebulizers that can be used as a tool for aerosol therapy, namely:

  • JetThis therapy device uses high pressure air to generate steam. Jet-type nebulizers generally make a loud noise and are relatively difficult to clean.

  • UltrasonicThis aerosol therapy device uses ultrasonic sound vibrations to generate vapors from liquid medicine. This tool does not produce a loud sound and is more comfortable to use.

  • Vibrating meshTherapeutic device that barely produces sound when used. This type of device is generally lighter and easier to carry when traveling.

Aerosol Therapy Using an Inhaler or Nebulizer

The use of aerosol therapy, either a nebulizer or an inhaler, is equally effective. However, doctors will generally recommend the use of aerosol therapy based on convenience, cost, and the type of drug to be administered.

Most COPD sufferers use inhalers because the inhaler tube is lighter, easy to carry everywhere, and can be stored in a pocket or bag. Inhalers are also considered to be able to work faster in delivering drugs to the lungs with just a few inhalations or a few minutes.

Tips for Using Inhaled Aerosol Therapy Device

The following are some things to consider before using an aerosol therapy device:

  • Ask the doctor clearly about the dosage and how to use the drug in aerosol therapy so that the drug can work properly.
  • Understand when to use it.
  • Make sure you know the type of drug used in inhalation aerosol therapy.
  • Search for information on how to maintain, store and clean aerosol therapy devices, especially aerosol therapy using a nebulizer.

Inhalation aerosol therapy is one of the commonly used treatments to treat complaints due to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, such as coughing and shortness of breath. In addition to aerosol therapy, there is also oxygen therapy which is usually used in conjunction with helium gas to relieve COPD symptoms.

The aerosol method is effective in reducing the intensity of the attack and the severity of the disease. This therapy can also improve the he alth condition of COPD sufferers and their ability to carry out activities.

In order to get the maximum benefit from aerosol therapy, you are advised to consult a pulmonary doctor before using it.

Popular topic