Causes of Children Talking Late and How to Overcome It

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Causes of Children Talking Late and How to Overcome It
Causes of Children Talking Late and How to Overcome It

Children's speech delay is one of the most common types of developmental delay. The delay in speech in children is usually temporary. However, in some cases, this condition can be a sign of a child's hearing or developmental impairment

Speech and language disorders are often experienced by children, ranging from slurred speech to difficulty expressing what they need. This condition often makes parents worry and compare their children with other children their age. In fact, each child's speech development can be different.

The Reasons for a Child to Talk Late

The cause of speech delay in children can occur due to various factors, including:

  • Growing up in more than one language or bilingual environment
  • Difficulty understanding words or finding words
  • hearing loss
  • Oral cavity structural abnormalities, for example due to cleft lip or tongue abnormalities
  • Stutter
  • Ignorance from people around
  • autism spectrum disorder

Children's Speech Development Stages

Although each child's speech development stage is different, there are basic benchmarks that are commonly used to measure a child's speech ability. This can also be a benchmark whether the child needs help or not.

The following are the stages of children's speech development according to their age:

3 months old

A 3 month old baby “talks” in a voice that has no meaning or can be called baby language. At this age, he may communicate more using expressions, for example by smiling when he sees or hears his mother's voice.

6 months old

Entering the age of 6 months, babies begin to make sounds that sound clearer in syllables, even though they still have no meaning, such as "da-da" or "ba-ba". By the end of 6 months, babies can use these sounds to express pleasure or dislike, not just crying.

It's also important to know, at this age babies can already look in the direction that makes a sound, pay attention to music, and turn when their name is called.

12 months old

Babies are generally able to say the words “mama” or “dad” and imitate the words they hear. At the age of one year, he can also understand some commands such as, “Come, come here” or “Get the bottle”.

18 months old

At this age, babies can usually say about 10–20 basic words. However, it's normal if there are some words that are still not clearly pronounced, such as the word "eat" when it is said "mam".

At the age of 18 months, babies already recognize the names of people, objects, and some body parts. He can also follow simple instructions accompanied by movements.

24 months old

Babies aged 2 years are usually able to say at least 50 words and communicate using 2 words such as "want milk". He has also become more fluent in speaking and is starting to understand simple questions.

Age 3–5 years

The vocabulary of children aged 3-5 years will increase rapidly. By age 3, most children can pick up about 300 new words. They can also already understand longer commands, such as, “Come on, wash your feet and brush your teeth,” or, “Take off his shoes and get changed.”

At the age of 4 years, children are generally able to speak using longer sentences and explain an event. Meanwhile, at the age of 5, they can already talk to other people.

How to Stimulate Children's Speaking Ability

Don't believe in the myth that children can learn to talk on their own. Mother's active role as the closest person to the Little One greatly influences the development of speech. There are ways that can be done to stimulate children's communication skills. Here are some of them:

1. Follow all his words

Pay attention to the voices spoken by the Little One. Even if you don't understand the meaning, repeat the sound again according to what you catch. That way, your little one will feel like they are talking to you and get used to imitating your words and tone of voice.

This of course will take some time. So, be patient and keep giving your little one as many opportunities as possible to "chat" with Mother.

2. Talking while moving

When talking to your little one, you must also be active and expressive. For example, say, "Come on, let's have some milk," while shaking the bottle or, "Love the doll," while petting the doll. Likewise when teaching him to recognize body parts.

3. Get in the habit of making narration

Even though your little one can't talk like an adult yet, you can still use everyday conversation when communicating with him. For example, when putting clothes on your little one, you can say, "Today, you're wearing a flower-patterned shirt to play in the garden," while showing your clothes.

This can help your little one understand certain objects through your mother's words. Apply this to other activities, such as bathing, feeding, or changing diapers.

Get in the habit of always talking to him in full sentences.For example, when he points at the doll that is on the table. Don't take it right away. Instead, say a sentence or two like, "Would you like to play with this doll?" When she responds with a nod or a smile, you can give it right away.

4. Play together

When you have children, sometimes parents have to be able to act like a child. Invite your little one to play, role-play, or imagine something to develop his verbal skills. For example, you can invite your little one to pretend to call Dad with a toy phone.

5. Praise the progress

Always give compliments, smiles, and hugs every time your little one makes a good new sound or vocabulary. In general, babies learn to talk from the reactions of the people around them.

The main key to stimulating the development of children's speaking skills is to communicate with them a lot. Make sure you always use a positive and loving response.

If you suspect your little one is talking late or has a speech delay, don't worry too much, OK? Basically, every child has a different speed of growth and development. Even so, if the child is late in speaking, it is best if he is still examined by a doctor so that he can be treated if any abnormalities are found.

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