Abortion Risks and Its Legal Consequences

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Abortion Risks and Its Legal Consequences
Abortion Risks and Its Legal Consequences
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There are various reasons for a woman to have an abortion. However, keep in mind that abortion has medical and legal risks, especially if it is done illegally. The risk will also increase if the abortion is done not by a doctor

Abortion is an abortion to end a pregnancy. There are various reasons for a woman to have an abortion, including pregnancy out of wedlock, economic incapacity, lack of family support, to problems with her partner. On the other hand, abortion can also be done if the pregnancy threatens the life of the mother or fetus.

Abortion Risks and Legal Consequences - Alodokter

Various Abortion Methods

There are two methods used in abortion, namely the use of drugs and medical procedures. The following is an explanation of the two methods:

Method of abortion using drugs

Abortion with this method is done by giving oral or injectable drugs that can block the hormone progesterone, so that the lining of the uterus thins. This causes the fetus can not attach and grow in the uterine wall.

The effect of drugs used for abortion will also cause the uterus to contract, so that the embryo or fetal tissue will be expelled through the vagina.

Method of abortion with medical measures

The most commonly used medical procedure for performing an abortion is vacuum aspiration. This action is usually done when the pregnancy has just entered the first trimester.

There are two tools that are generally used to remove the embryo from the uterus through this procedure, namely manual vacuum aspiration (MVA) and electric vacuum aspiration (EVA).

MVA is performed using a manual suction tube, while EVA uses an electric pump.

For abortions that are more than 4 months pregnant, the medical measures used are dilation and evacuation (D&E). This method uses surgical equipment to open the cervix and suck the fetus out of the uterus.

Various Abortion Risks

Just like any other medical procedure, abortion also has risks, especially if it is carried out in a place with limited facilities, not by medical personnel, there is no underlying medical condition, and is carried out with unsafe methods.

Abortion risks include:

  • heavy bleeding
  • Injury to the uterus or infection due to incomplete abortion
  • Infertility
  • ectopic pregnancy in next pregnancy
  • The condition of the cervix is ​​not optimal due to multiple abortions

All abortion methods have risks or complications. Gestational age also plays a role in determining the level of risk. The older the gestational age, the higher the risk of an abortion.

Category of Dangerous Abortion

The following are the categories of unsafe abortion according to the world he alth organization (WHO):

  • Performed by people who do not have adequate medical expertise in the field of abortion.
  • Performed in a place with facilities that do not adequately meet the hygiene requirements.
  • Performed using inappropriate equipment.

In addition, dangerous abortions are also carried out by taking drugs or using certain assistive devices without a doctor's supervision.

Abortion for Medical Purposes

In Indonesia, the regulation regarding abortion is contained in Law Number 36 of 2009 concerning He alth and the Criminal Code (KUHP). In this law, generally everyone is prohibited from having an abortion.

However, based on article 75 of the He alth Law, abortion may be performed for the following medical reasons:

  • There are indications of a medical emergency in early pregnancy that threaten the life of the mother and/or fetus
  • The fetus suffers from severe genetic disorders or congenital defects that cannot be cured, making it difficult for the fetus to survive outside the womb
  • Pregnancy occurs as a result of traumatizing rape

Abortion performed outside of the above conditions is illegal. In article 194 of the He alth Law, anyone involved in an illegal abortion can be sentenced to a maximum of 10 years in prison and a maximum fine of Rp. 1 billion.

Legally Allowed Abortion

Abortion due to rape is specifically described further in Government Regulation no. 61 of 2014 concerning Reproductive He alth or PP Kespro as implementing regulations for the He alth Law.

In article 31 of the regulation it is stated that abortion can only be carried out at a maximum gestational age of 40 days calculated from the first day of the last menstruation (HPHT) based on a doctor's certificate.

In addition, article 34 (2b) also mentions the conditions for having an abortion, namely the existence of information from investigators, psychologists, or other experts confirming the allegation that rape has occurred.

Therefore, the victim needs to immediately report the incident of rape to the nearest police station. The police will take the victim to the Resort Police which has a Women and Children Service (PPA) unit. From the PPA unit, the victim will then be transferred to the police referral hospital to undergo the post-mortem process.

If the victim needs psychological counseling, the PPA unit will make a referral to the Integrated Service Center for the Empowerment of Women and Children (P2TP2A) for further assistance.

Victims of rape or other acts of violence can also contact the National Commission on Violence against Women (Komnas Perempuan) for help and support.

Consider various aspects before you perform or engage in the act of abortion. Don't let it endanger your own life.

You can also consult with a doctor or authorized counselor to find out more about safe and legal abortion, both medically and legally.

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