Recognizing the Difference Between Rheumatism and Gout

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Recognizing the Difference Between Rheumatism and Gout
Recognizing the Difference Between Rheumatism and Gout

Not everyone can recognize the difference between rheumatism and gout. Many people think that he has rheumatism, when in fact he has gout and vice versa. These two conditions do look similar, but have different causes and treatments

Both rheumatism and gout, can cause pain, swelling, and redness in the joints. Both of these conditions can also interfere with daily activities. However, there are differences between rheumatism and gout that are important for you to know.

Recognizing the Difference Between Rheumatism and Gout - Alodokter

Various Differences in Rheumatism and Gout

Clinically, the difference between rheumatism and gout is the location of the inflammation that occurs. Gout occurs when there is an excess of uric acid in the body and it settles in the joints, bones and body tissues.

Pain in gout usually appears suddenly and is felt in the fingers or joints of the feet, either in one or both feet

Meanwhile, rheumatism or rheumatoid arthritis caused by chronic inflammation generally causes pain in the joints on both sides of the body and is accompanied by joint stiffness

Rheumatism is also sometimes characterized by swelling, redness, and a hot sensation in painful areas of the body. However, these symptoms can also be found in people with gout.

Other differences from rheumatism and gout are:

Difference cause

Rheumatism is an autoimmune disease which is generally caused by genetic factors. So far, the trigger for the emergence of rheumatic symptoms is not known with certainty, but it is thought to be related to viral infections and smoking habits.

Meanwhile, gout is often caused by consuming too many foods high in purine content, such as meat, offal, fish, shellfish, whole wheat bread, and cereals.

Difference of risk factors

rheumatism can attack young and old age groups. However, this disease is more commonly found in the elderly group (elderly) over 60 years. Rheumatism is also more common in women than men.

Meanwhile, uric acid is more commonly found in the young adult age group with excess body weight and is more common in men. The habit of consuming alcoholic beverages or foods with added sweeteners can also increase the risk of developing gout.

Different ways of treatment

Please note that until now, there is no effective treatment to cure rheumatic conditions. The treatment steps taken are generally only to relieve the symptoms that appear.

Drugs such as antirheumatic, painkillers, and corticosteroids will be given by the doctor, but the treatment needs to be adjusted according to the severity of the rheumatism.

For gout conditions, treatment can be with drugs such as colchicine, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and corticosteroids. So that uric acid levels in the body are not too high, the doctor will also give you uric acid-lowering drugs such as allopurinol and advise you to limit your intake of foods high in purines and alcohol.

Gout and rheumatism can sometimes be similar to each other. However, basically, the two conditions are caused by different things. Therefore, you should consult a doctor so that treatment and treatment can be carried out appropriately.

How to Prevent Rheumatism and Gout

In general, an effective way to prevent rheumatism and gout is to live a he althier lifestyle by exercising regularly, and quitting smoking and consuming alcoholic beverages.

Besides that, some ways that can also be done to prevent rheumatism and gout are as follows:

Applying a he althy diet

You can have a he althy diet so as not to trigger the symptoms of rheumatism and gout to reoccur. Living a he althy diet can be done by staying away from alcoholic beverages, limiting meat consumption, and reducing foods high in purines, especially for people with gout.

Maintaining ideal body weight

Excess weight or obesity can be a risk factor for gout and rheumatism. Therefore, maintaining an ideal body weight through a he althy diet and regular exercise can prevent symptoms from appearing.

Limiting exposure to environmental pollutants

There are studies that state that exposure to environmental pollution can increase the risk of rheumatism. If your job is at high risk of exposure to hazardous chemicals, be sure to wear proper personal protective equipment while working.

The description of symptoms in these two diseases is sometimes similar to each other. Therefore, it is important for you to recognize the differences between rheumatism and gout.

Don't hesitate to consult a doctor to confirm the condition you are experiencing, considering the difference between rheumatism and gout, including how to treat it.

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