Various Diseases Caused by Bacteria that Need to be Watched Out

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Various Diseases Caused by Bacteria that Need to be Watched Out
Various Diseases Caused by Bacteria that Need to be Watched Out

Among various infectious diseases, not a few diseases are caused by bacteria. In fact, some of them can cause serious he alth problems

Basically, bacteria are divided into 2 types, namely good bacteria and bad bacteria. The presence of good bacteria in the body actually brings he alth benefits. On the other hand, the presence of bad bacteria can cause harmful diseases.

Various Diseases Caused by Bacteria that Need to be Watched - Alodokter

The emergence of disease due to bacterial infection can occur in several ways, ranging from consumption of food or drink contaminated with bacteria; direct contact with the feces, urine, or blood of an infected person; to breathe air near people who sneeze or cough due to bacterial infection.

Dangerous Diseases Caused by Bacterial Infection

Of several diseases caused by bacteria, some types of infectious diseases that are classified as dangerous are:

1. Sepsis

Sepsis is a serious disease that occurs when the body has an overwhelming immune response to a bacterial infection. In this condition, antibodies are released into the bloodstream to fight infection, triggering inflammation throughout the body. If there is organ dysfunction or septic shock, this condition can cause death.

Sepsis can happen to anyone, but this condition is more at risk for babies, the elderly (elderly), people with weak immune systems, and people with a history of chronic medical conditions, such as diabetes, lung disease. lung, kidney and cancer.

2. Meningitis

Meningitis is an infection of the membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord. Meningitis caused by bacteria has the potential to damage the brain and cause death, while meningitis caused by viruses is usually milder and tends to be easier to treat.

Meningitis usually occurs because of an infection in another part of the body, such as the ear, sinus cavity, or throat, that spreads to the brain. Meningitis can happen to anyone, but this condition is more at risk for babies than other age groups.

3. Pneumonia

Pneumonia is an inflammation of the lungs which is generally caused by a bacterial infection. The most common cause of bacterial pneumonia is Streptococcus pneumoniae. However, pneumonia can also occur due to a viral or fungal infection.

Pneumonia caused by bacteria usually only occurs in one part of the lung. This condition is at high risk in people who have respiratory diseases and people with weakened immune systems.

4. Acute pyelonephritis

Acute pyelonephritis is a kidney infection that occurs suddenly and is severe. If not treated properly, pyelonephritis can cause the kidneys to swell and become permanently damaged, putting it at risk for life.

Generally, pyelonephritis begins with a urinary tract infection (UTI). If there is a problem with the flow of urine, bacteria can enter the body through the urinary tract, multiply in the bladder, and then spread to the kidneys.

5. Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis or TB is caused by bacteria that mainly attack the lungs. TB is an infectious and potentially life-threatening disease. Transmission can occur if a person inhales splashes of saliva from a TB patient when coughing or sneezing.

This disease can be cured, as long as the patient undergoes TB treatment properly, namely by taking anti-tuberculosis drugs (OAT) for at least 6 months until complete.This treatment is not only aimed at treating TB, but also preventing the transmission and recurrence of TB, as well as preventing the occurrence of MDR TB.

6. Leptospirosis

Leptospirosis is a disease caused by the Leptospira bacteria. These bacteria can attack humans and animals. The mode of transmission is through water or soil contaminated with animal urine, such as rats and cats, which are infected by these bacteria.

Leptospirosis left untreated can lead to serious complications, such as meningitis, liver failure, kidney damage, respiratory failure, and even death.

The high cases of diseases caused by bacteria are closely related to poor environmental sanitation and hygiene. Therefore, to help prevent infectious diseases, especially diseases caused by bacteria, it is important to get used to washing hands, maintaining a clean environment, living a he althy lifestyle, and getting vaccinated.

Diseases caused by bacteria can generally be treated with antibiotics. However, the type, dose, and duration of taking antibiotics must be in accordance with the doctor's directions.

So, consult a doctor if you think you have a disease caused by bacteria. If you are prescribed antibiotics, make sure to take the dose of antibiotics as prescribed by your doctor so that the bacteria can be completely destroyed and not become resistant to antibiotics.

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