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Monosodium glutamate (MSG) is generally used as a flavoring in cooking. However, consuming too much food containing MSG is believed to be bad for he alth, including pregnant women. So, is MSG actually safe for pregnant women to consume?
MSG has a form that resembles s alt or powdered sugar and is contained in vetsin or micin cooking spices. This ingredient is made of sodium (sodium) which is found in s alt and the amino acid glutamate and can be found in almost all high-protein foods.
Glutamate is often referred to as umami or the fifth taste in the human tongue, after sweet, s alty, bitter, and sour. While the umami taste is often obtained from MSG, it is also found naturally in certain foods, such as parmesan cheese, tomatoes, soy extract, and seaweed.
Beware of Complaints Due to Consumption of MSG
As a food flavoring, MSG is categorized as GRAS or 'generally recognized as safe' by the U.S. Food & Drug Administration (FDA).
Although a certain level of MSG is considered safe, consuming large amounts of MSG may cause he alth problems for some people, and pregnant women also do not rule out.
In some people, consumption of MSG can cause several complaints, namely:
- Excessive sweating or cold sweat
- Face looks red and feels stiff
- chest pain
- Nausea and vomiting
- Heart pounding
- Tingling and numbness
Complaints that arise are usually very mild and do not require special handling. In addition, allergic reactions to MSG are also very rare.
However, further research is needed regarding the relationship between MSG and these complaints. Therefore, if previously pregnant women used to consume MSG without experiencing the above complaints, it is likely that these complaints will not appear during pregnancy.
However, if before pregnancy there were complaints after consuming MSG, pregnant women should avoid MSG while pregnant.
Consumption of MSG During Pregnancy
It is very important to choose he althy foods during pregnancy.Foods that are usually safe for consumption, in certain levels can be harmful to pregnancy and the fetus. However, MSG is considered safe for pregnant women and does not harm the fetus, as long as it is not consumed in excess.
In order to maintain the condition of pregnancy and avoid the risk of he alth problems due to consuming MSG, pregnant women should reduce or avoid the consumption of food or drinks containing MSG during pregnancy.
There are several things that pregnant women need to be aware of when consuming foods that contain MSG:
Sodium content in MSG
In general, foods that contain MSG also have a high sodium content. The World He alth Organization (WHO) urges everyone, including pregnant women, to limit sodium or sodium intake, which does not exceed 2,000 mg per day.
excess sodium intake during pregnancy can increase the buildup of body fluids and blood pressure.
Recognizing MSG in packaged food products
Before pregnant women buy and consume packaged food, pay attention to the MSG content contained in it. Some packaged products also contain other ingredients that can contain MSG, such as hydrolyzed soy protein, glutamic acid, yeast extract, sodium caseinate, and autolyzed yeast.
Have you ever had an allergic reaction to MSG
Another thing to watch out for is to avoid consuming foods that contain MSG, if pregnant women have experienced allergic reactions after consuming them.
Although it is relatively safe, the consumption of MSG during pregnancy should be limited, yes. To be safer, pregnant women are advised to follow a he althy diet by eating balanced nutritious foods, such as vegetables and fruit and various dishes that do not contain a lot of s alt, sugar, and saturated fat.
If pregnant women have special he alth conditions, such as high blood pressure, pregnant women should consult a doctor before consuming foods that contain MSG.