Overcoming Vomiting in Children Wisely

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Overcoming Vomiting in Children Wisely
Overcoming Vomiting in Children Wisely

When dealing with vomiting in children, sometimes parents feel panicked, confused, and very worried, especially if the child is experiencing it for the first time. In fact, it is important for parents to be calm and wise in dealing with this condition

In dealing with vomiting in children, parents need to understand in advance what things might cause vomiting. That way, panic can be minimized. In addition, it is also important to know the danger signs to watch out for so that the child can be immediately taken to the hospital.

Overcoming Vomiting in Children Wisely - Alodokter

Recognizing Causes of Vomiting in Children

The following are common causes of vomiting in children:

1. Stomach flu or gastroenteritis

Stomach flu or gastroenteritis often occurs due to viral or bacterial infection of the digestive system. Symptoms can begin to be felt 12–48 hours after the child is infected. Not only vomiting, children may also experience diarrhea, nausea, and stomach cramps. This condition usually doesn't last long and is harmless.

2. Food poisoning

Food poisoning generally occurs due to infection from bacteria that contaminate food. Children can experience it if they eat food, such as meat, seafood, or eggs, which are not hygienically processed, not cooked thoroughly, or are not stored properly.

3. Food allergy

Vomiting in children can also be a sign that he is allergic to certain foods, such as nuts, fish, shellfish, shrimp, eggs, cow's milk, wheat, or soy. In addition to vomiting, food allergies can be accompanied by swelling of the lips, itching, or difficulty breathing.

4. Appendicitis

Appendicitis or appendicitis can cause vomiting, fever, and heartburn. This pain will usually get worse and move to the lower right abdomen. Appendicitis is an emergency and requires medical treatment.

In addition to the above conditions, vomiting in children can also be caused by urinary stones, ear infections, pneumonia, migraines in children, meningitis or inflammation of the lining of the brain, as well as stress or anxiety.

How to Overcome Vomiting in Children at Home

When a child vomits, the first and most important thing parents need to do is calm him down. After that, make sure that the child is not dehydrated from vomiting.

Here are some ways to deal with vomiting in children that can be done at home:

  • Keep the child upright or lying on his stomach or on his side so that he does not inhale vomit into the respiratory tract and lungs.
  • Give your child fluids, such as water, ORS, breast milk, or honey, slowly and gradually when the stomach has been calm for about half an hour or so.
  • Do not force the child to drink anything while he is still vomiting every 5–10 minutes.
  • Give the child a drink that relieves nausea and vomiting, such as warm tea or ginger. Avoid carbonated drinks or drinks high in sugar.
  • Avoid solid food for the first 24 hours or after the child's condition returns to normal.
  • Give your child plenty to drink and he althy solid foods, such as bread, cereal, rice, soup stock, fruits and vegetables when his condition returns to normal and his appetite returns.
  • Avoid foods that are difficult to digest, such as fatty foods.
  • Don't just give children over-the-counter nausea relievers, especially drugs that contain aspirin.

The administration of drugs to relieve vomiting in children needs to be adjusted to the child's condition and causes, based on the results of the doctor's examination.

Signs of Vomiting in Children to Watch Out for

Immediately consult a doctor or take the child to the hospital, if the vomiting is accompanied by the following conditions:

Blood in vomit

If there is a little blood in your child's vomit, you really don't need to worry too much. However, if you vomit more blood or the blood in your vomit starts to turn black, take your child to the emergency room at the nearest hospital so that they can be treated as quickly as possible.

Accompanied by severe stomach pain

You should also be wary if your child has vomiting accompanied by severe stomach pain. This condition can be a symptom of appendicitis, especially if the abdominal pain is on the right side.

In addition, also pay attention if the child starts to look weak and signs of jaundice appear. Jaundice that accompanies upper right abdominal pain may be a sign of hepatitis.

The vomiting occurs continuously

If the child continues to vomit whatever food or drink he ingested, his body will lose a lot of fluids and nutrients it needs. In this condition, the child can become dehydrated and require medical attention to prevent a more serious condition.

Children who are dehydrated can be characterized by reduced urination, dry lips and mouth, lethargy, dark yellow urine, sunken eyes, cold, and looks sleepy.

In general, vomiting in children is not dangerous.However, consult a doctor immediately if your child continues to vomit for more than 24 hours or experiences any of the danger signs mentioned above. That way, treatment can be given immediately to prevent complications that could occur.

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