Using Antibiotics for Sore Throat Properly

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Using Antibiotics for Sore Throat Properly
Using Antibiotics for Sore Throat Properly

Antibiotics for sore throat can only be used if the cause of the inflammation has been determined to be due to bacteria. In addition, the use of antibiotics to treat sore throat must also be according to the doctor's prescription and advice

Antibiotics are drugs to treat bacterial infections in the body. Antibiotics work by killing bacteria that cause inflammation, including strep throat. If strep throat is caused by a viral infection or exposure to pollution, such as cigarette smoke, then giving antibiotics will not have any effect.

Using Antibiotics for Sore Throat Properly - Alodokter

Use of Antibiotics for Sore Throat

Sore throat is generally characterized by symptoms of hoarseness, mild cough, headache, unwell, and pain when swallowing. In addition, this condition can also cause other symptoms, such as fever, fatigue, and swollen lymph nodes in the neck.

Sore throat caused by a virus usually gets better within 1 week without treatment. However, a sore throat that lasts more than 1 week or a sore throat is very severe, may be caused by a bacterial infection. This condition requires antibiotic treatment as prescribed by the doctor.

Antibiotics will also be given to people with strep throat who have special conditions, for example, are undergoing chemotherapy, have had surgery to remove the spleen, or have a history of certain diseases such as rheumatic fever or heart valve disorders.

To confirm that a sore throat is caused by bacteria, the doctor may perform a physical examination and a swab examination, if necessary.

Not only to detect the bacteria that causes sore throat, a swab examination or throat swab can also be done to diagnose Corona virus infection.

Choice of Antibiotics for Sore Throat

Several choices of antibiotic drugs that can be prescribed by doctors to treat sore throat due to bacterial infections are amoxicillin, azithromycin, erythromycin, clarithromycin, and cephaplosporin antibiotics, such as cefadroxil and cefixime.

The use of antibiotics needs to be adjusted to the pattern of the spread of germs that cause sore throat. Therefore, the choice of antibiotics for sore throat needs to follow the doctor's recommendations.

In addition to killing bacteria, antibiotics for sore throat also have other benefits such as:

  • Relieves symptoms caused by sore throat
  • Prevents the spread of bacteria to other parts of the body
  • Prevent complications that may result from strep throat related to bacterial infections, such as sinusitis, tonsillitis, rheumatic fever, pneumonia, and bronchitis.

The duration of using antibiotics for strep throat varies, depending on the cause of the infection and the patient's condition. Doctors will generally prescribe antibiotics to use for about 10 days. Even if you feel that you are getting better, you are required to continue taking antibiotics as prescribed by your doctor.

If the use of antibiotics for strep throat is stopped sooner than the doctor recommends in the prescription, it is feared that some of the bacteria that cause strep throat will still be alive and make strep throat appear again.

Side Effects of Using Antibiotics for Sore Throat

Although they can treat strep throat due to bacterial infection, antibiotics can also cause some side effects, such as stomach pain, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, or diarrhea.

However, the side effects of these antibiotics are usually only temporary and will disappear after the use of antibiotics is finished or stopped.

In some people, the use of certain types of antibiotics can cause allergic reactions such as skin rashes, dizziness, wheezing, shortness of breath, or palpitations. If you experience an allergic reaction after taking antibiotics, immediately go to the nearest hospital for proper treatment.

Another danger that can occur if you use antibiotics not according to the doctor's instructions is the emergence of bacterial immunity. This condition can be dangerous because if the bacteria are resistant to treatment, the antibiotics will become less effective later on. Therefore, you should avoid taking antibiotics over the counter.

Don't hesitate to go to the doctor if your sore throat gets worse or causes severe symptoms, such as difficulty breathing or swallowing, high fever, or stiff neck.

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