Table of contents:
Differences in the characteristics of pregnant and menstruating people may not be widely known. Because, not infrequently the symptoms of both are very similar. So that you don't guess wrong, it never hurts to recognize the difference between the two conditions
Some of the early signs of pregnancy and the early symptoms of menstruation or premenstrual syndrome (PMS) can be very similar, because in both these conditions there is an increase in the hormone progesterone. Although it is difficult, the differences in the characteristics of pregnant and menstruating people can still be known.
Differences in the Characteristics of Pregnant and Menstruating People
For couples who are longing for the presence of a baby, it might feel annoying if the perceived characteristics of pregnant people turn out to be early symptoms of menstruation. Therefore, recognize the following differences in the characteristics of pregnant and menstruating people:
1. Breast pain
One of the most common early symptoms of pregnancy and menstruation is breast pain. However, the difference between the characteristics of pregnant and menstruating people is in how long the pain lasts.
During PMS, breast pain occurs before menstruation and will usually subside when menstruation begins or during menstruation. Meanwhile, breast pain which is a symptom of pregnancy can occur in early pregnancy.
In addition, breast pain due to pregnancy is also more painful, sensitive, and dense than that caused by PMS.
2. Mood swings
During PMS and early pregnancy, women generally experience mood swings, for example becoming more emotional and crying easily. These mood swings occur due to hormonal changes.
However, there are differences in the characteristics of pregnant and menstruating people regarding mood swings. If it's due to PMS, the mood swings will usually improve when your period starts.
Meanwhile, moods during pregnancy can fluctuate throughout pregnancy, especially in the first trimester.
3. Increased appetite and cravings
Differences in the characteristics of pregnant and menstruating people that are clearly visible are increased appetite and cravings.
When PMS, you can become more appetite and want more foods that are high in carbohydrates, sugar, or s alt. However, this increase in appetite is still within reasonable limits and is relatively mild.
Meanwhile, when you are pregnant, the type of food you want can be very specific. You may also refuse certain foods because they make you feel nauseous when you smell them.
The level of fatigue felt can also be a difference between the characteristics of pregnant and menstruating people. The feeling of tiredness that appears during PMS usually goes away as soon as menstruation takes place.
Meanwhile, in pregnant women, fatigue can appear from the first trimester and persist throughout pregnancy.
5. Stomach cramps
Stomach cramps can occur during PMS or early pregnancy. As a symptom of PMS, abdominal cramps last about 1-2 days before menstruation begins. These cramps can be so painful that a person can't do anything.
Meanwhile, stomach cramps in early pregnancy usually occur due to stretching of muscles and ligaments due to the enlargement of the uterus. This tends to be normal, especially in the first trimester of pregnancy. The pain is also relatively light and lasts quickly.
It is important to know the difference between pregnant and menstruating people, especially if you are planning a pregnancy. If you experience various symptoms above, you need to pay attention to whether they are symptoms of pregnancy or PMS.
PMS symptoms usually last up to 14 days before menstruation starts. Well, if after this period of time you don't get your period, you should take a pregnancy test or see a doctor. The sooner your pregnancy is detected, the better the doctor can monitor the he alth of the mother and fetus.