The Difference Between Myoma and Ovarian Cyst that is Important to Know

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The Difference Between Myoma and Ovarian Cyst that is Important to Know
The Difference Between Myoma and Ovarian Cyst that is Important to Know
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Some people may not know the difference between fibroids and ovarian cysts or even think that they are the same condition. By understanding the difference between fibroids and cysts on the ovaries, you can recognize the symptoms so that they can be examined and treated immediately

Myomas and ovarian cysts are two types of benign tumors in the female reproductive organs. However, they are two different conditions. The difference between fibroids and ovarian cysts is most easily recognized by their shape and location.

The Difference Between Myoma and Ovarian Cyst that is Important to Know - Alodokter

Myoma is a benign growth of cells from the muscle wall of the uterus. While ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs that grow and develop in the ovaries or ovaries, either on the left, right, or in both ovaries.

The Difference Between Myoma and Ovarian Cyst Based on Cause

The exact cause of myoma is still a question mark. However, there are several factors that can trigger its growth, including:

Genetic

If your grandmother, mother, or sibling had fibroids, then you are likely to have fibroids too.

Hormones

The hormones estrogen and progesterone that are produced in excess in the ovaries can also trigger the growth of fibroids.

The age of first menstruation is too early

Research shows that women who experience their first menstruation under the age of 10 have a higher risk of developing fibroids.

Unlike fibroids, ovarian cysts are known to grow naturally in a woman's body, especially during the fertile period or during menstruation. However, what you need to watch out for is when the size of the cyst gets bigger.

This can cause problems associated with certain diseases, such as endometriosis and polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).

The Difference Between Myoma and Ovarian Cyst Based on Symptoms

Myoma growth often goes undetected because it does not cause symptoms, especially if the size is still small or the number is small. Myomas and ovarian cysts are usually detected incidentally, for example when a woman is undergoing an ultrasound examination of the uterus.

However, in certain cases, the onset of fibroids can be marked by bleeding from the vagina, abdominal cramps, pelvic pain during menstruation, and frequent urination.

Just like fibroids, ovarian cysts often don't cause any symptoms at all. New symptoms appear when the cyst begins to enlarge and has an impact on the surrounding organs and tissues.

Some of the symptoms of ovarian cysts that can appear include nausea and vomiting, abdominal bloating, pain during sexual intercourse, pain in the back and thighs, and pain in the breasts. If the condition gets worse, sometimes it can be accompanied by fever, body weakness, and very annoying pelvic pain.

Myoma and Ovarian Cyst Treatment

In mild conditions with symptoms that are not too severe, the doctor will recommend periodic examinations to monitor the development of cysts or fibroids.

However, if it causes disturbing symptoms, fibroids and ovarian cysts need to be treated immediately. If not treated properly, fibroids and ovarian cysts can lead to complications such as anemia, ovarian torsion, or rupture of the cyst.

Myoma treatment is done by giving hormones, such as birth control pills or gonadotropin hormones. If the size of the myoma is large or there are many, surgical removal of the myoma is required.

Similar to the treatment of fibroids, treatment of ovarian cysts can be done by giving hormones. If the size of the cyst is large or if cancer is suspected, surgery is required.

After understanding the difference between fibroids and ovarian cysts, you should be more vigilant and start adopting a he althy lifestyle. Immediately consult a doctor if you feel the symptoms mentioned above.

The sooner fibroids and ovarian cysts are detected and treated, the lower the risk of he alth problems or more severe complications.

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