Cough with phlegm and dry cough that are safe to consume

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Cough with phlegm and dry cough that are safe to consume
Cough with phlegm and dry cough that are safe to consume

The choice of cough medicine must be adjusted to the type of cough you are suffering from, namely cough with phlegm or dry cough. The right and safe cough medicine can help you get rid of your cough quickly, so it doesn't interfere with your daily activities

You can easily find various types of cough medicine in pharmacies or supermarkets without a doctor's prescription. However, the use of cough medicine still needs to be adjusted to the type and cause of the cough to be effective in curing the cough you are suffering from.

Medicines for coughing up phlegm and dry coughs that are safe to consume - Alodokter

How to Choose Cough Medicine Based on Cough Type

Mild coughs usually go away on their own without treatment in about 3-4 weeks. However, you can take cough medicine to help relieve your cough or if your cough interferes with your daily activities.

Before buying cough medicine, first identify whether the cough you are experiencing is classified as a cough with phlegm or a dry cough. Here's how to choose the right cough medicine based on the type of cough:

Cough with phlegm

Cough with phlegm is a cough that is accompanied by phlegm or mucus from the nose or lungs. Coughing up phlegm is usually caused by several factors, namely:

  • Viral or bacterial infection
  • Lung diseases, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or bronchitis
  • Nasal mucus that goes down the throat (postnasal drip) due to a cold or sinusitis
  • Smoking habit

Drugs used to treat cough with phlegm are divided into 2 groups, namely expectorants and mucolytics. These two classes of drugs aim to facilitate the expulsion of phlegm, but with different ways of working.

Expectorants work by lubricating the respiratory tract to make it easier to expel phlegm when coughing. Meanwhile, mucolytics will break down the molecular structure that makes up mucus, so that mucus becomes more fluid and easier to expel through coughing.

One of the cough medicines with phlegm that is often used is guaifenesin. This drug works by loosening phlegm that clogs the respiratory tract. Taking cough medicine with phlegm along with drinking lots of water will make it easier for phlegm to come out when coughing.

Dry cough medicine

Dry cough is a cough that is not accompanied by phlegm. This condition is usually caused by several factors, including:

  • Flu
  • Exposure to irritants, such as chemicals, smoke or dust
  • Allergies
  • stomach acid disease
  • Narrowing of the airways, such as asthma
  • Side effects of ACE inhibitors for controlling hypertension

Antitussive drugs are usually used to treat dry coughs. This drug aims to reduce the cough reflex by suppressing cough signals from the brain. An example of an antitussive drug is dextromethorphan.

Dry cough medicine should not be used for coughing with phlegm, and vice versa, because of the different purposes of each medicine. Therefore, first check the content of cough medicine before buying and adjust it to the type of cough you are experiencing.

Cough Medicine Side Effects

Cough medicine can indeed help relieve coughs if used properly. However, there are some possible side effects from taking cough medicine, such as drowsiness, dizziness, nausea, and vomiting.

If taken in excess, cough medicine can also cause blurred vision, difficulty urinating, or decreased respiratory rate. Therefore, always read the instructions for using cough medicine on the packaging carefully before consuming it.

Don't take cough medicine carelessly, including antibiotics, because it can cause complications, including resistance to antibiotics.

If your cough does not improve within 3 weeks, even after taking cough medicine with phlegm or dry cough, you should consult a doctor. Especially if the cough is accompanied by difficulty breathing, chest pain, and weight loss.

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