Peritonsillar Abscess: Causes and Treatments

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Peritonsillar Abscess: Causes and Treatments
Peritonsillar Abscess: Causes and Treatments
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A peritonsillar abscess is a bacterial infection that causes pus to appear around the tonsils or tonsils. This condition generally occurs due to complications from tonsillitis or tonsillitis that are not treated properly. Come on, see the causes, symptoms, and ways to treat peritonsillar abscess below

Peritonsillar abscess is most common in children, adolescents, and young adults. This condition can cause pain, swelling, and a blockage in the throat. When the throat is blocked, swallowing, speaking, and even breathing will be painful and difficult.

Peritonsillar Abscess: Causes and Treatment - Alodokter

Recognizing Various Causes of Peritonsillar Abscess

Most of the peritonsillar abscesses are caused by the same bacteria that cause strep throat. Streptococci are the bacteria that most commonly cause infections of the soft tissues around the tonsils and can spread from infected tonsils to various other tissues or organs.

There are several factors that can increase the risk of peritonsillar abscess, including:

  • Infections of the gums, such as periodontitis and gingivitis
  • Tonsillitis (tonsillitis) chronic
  • Infectious mononucleosis
  • Smoking habit
  • Chronic lymphocytic leukemia
  • Stones or calcium deposits in the tonsils (tonsilloliths)

Symptoms of Peritonsillar Abscess You Need to Watch Out for

  • Fever and chills
  • severe sore throat on one side
  • Ear pain on the same side as where the abscess appeared
  • Headache.
  • Difficulty swallowing and pain when opening mouth
  • Swelling of the face and neck, usually on the infected side
  • A lump appears on the neck due to swollen lymph nodes and is painful to the touch
  • hoarse voice
  • spasms of the jaw muscles (trismus) and neck (torticollis)
  • Uvula (small tissue hanging down the middle of the throat) shifts to the he althy side

Peritonsillar abscess can affect one or both tonsils. This condition triggers swollen tonsils on one side, or both.This infection generally often spreads to the area behind the tonsils, then spreads to the neck and chest. If the swollen tissue blocks the respiratory tract, it will cause a medical emergency that can be life-threatening.

A peritonsillar abscess can also rupture in the throat and the pus that is the contents of the abscess can enter the lungs and cause pneumonia.

How is the Peritonsillar Abscess Treatment Procedure?

Peritonsillar abscess needs to be treated by a doctor immediately. The doctor will carry out a series of examinations before taking treatment. Such checks may include:

  • Physical examination, such as mouth, throat and neck
  • Blood test
  • Supporting examination using CT scan or ultrasound

CT scans or ultrasounds are rarely performed, however, these examinations can be performed if necessary. After the results of the examination are obtained, the doctor will determine the type of treatment which includes:

Medical Measures

A peritonsillar abscess is generally treated by removing the pus through a needle suction procedure (aspiration) or making a small incision in the abscess with a scalpel, allowing the pus to drain out.

If this method is not sufficient to overcome the peritonsillar abscess, the patient's tonsils must be removed by a tonsillectomy procedure. Tonsillectomy is applicable for patients who often suffer from tonsillitis or have had peritonsillar abscesses before.

Medication Administration

Due to pain and difficulty swallowing, the patient will be given fluids and nutrition through an IV. The doctor will also give painkillers and antibiotics to treat bacterial infections that occur. You are required to spend antibiotics according to the dose recommended by the doctor. Because if it is not consumed until it runs out, it is feared that the infection could reappear and cause bacterial resistance.

Maintaining dental and oral hygiene and not smoking is the best way to prevent peritonsillar abscesses. If you experience symptoms of a peritonsillar abscess, immediately consult a doctor for intensive and appropriate treatment, so as to avoid dangerous complications.

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