Table of contents:
- This is the Role of Adenoids for He alth
- Enlarged Adenoids Can Cause Problems
- Steps for Handling Adenoid Disorders
Adenoid is a gland located in the nose or upper throat. These glands are part of the lymphatic system, such as the tonsils or tonsils, which are responsible for fighting germs that cause infection and maintaining the balance of body fluids
Unlike the tonsils which are easy to see when you look in the mirror, the adenoids cannot be seen easily even if you open your mouth or nose wide. These glands can generally be detected or seen when you have a nose and throat exam at a clinic or hospital.
This is the Role of Adenoids for He alth
Everyone is born with adenoid glands in their nose and throat. The adenoid gland is part of the lymph or lymphatic system that functions to fight infection.
Adenoids and tonsils work by trapping germs that enter through the mouth and nose. Adenoids also produce antibodies to help your body fight infection.
In children, the adenoids will grow until they are about 3-5 years old. This gland will shrink slightly after the child is 5–7 years old and shrink even more as he enters adulthood.
Enlarged Adenoids Can Cause Problems
Enlarged adenoids are a common problem in children. Even so, it is possible for adults to experience it too.
Adenoid glands that are fighting infection will enlarge and will usually return to their normal size when the infection has subsided. However, in some cases, the adenoids remain enlarged even after the infection has disappeared.
In addition to infection, there are several other conditions that can also cause the adenoids to become inflamed and swollen, including allergies or irritation of the nose and throat. This condition is often caused by exposure to dust or pollution, such as cigarette smoke.
Enlarged adenoid glands are not a trivial problem because they can cause airway obstruction in the nasal cavity. This can make it difficult for children or adults who experience it to breathe and are forced to breathe through the nose.
In addition, there are several signs and symptoms that can appear when a person has enlarged adenoids, including:
- Breath sounds
- Difficulty sleeping
- Sleep quality is disturbed due to obstructive sleep apnea
- Chapped lips
- Dry mouth
- Bad breath
- runny or stuffy nose
- Frequent ear infections and sore throat
Steps for Handling Adenoid Disorders
Enlarged adenoids due to irritation, allergies, or infection can heal by itself when the factors causing these conditions have been addressed.
However, if it causes severe symptoms or if you experience an enlarged adenoid gland in the long term that causes certain he alth problems, such as snoring sleep, shortness of breath, or frequent colds and coughs, you should immediately consult a doctor..
Once the cause of your adenoidal obstruction is known, the doctor can provide the following treatment steps:
The use of drugs to treat disorders of the adenoids needs to be adjusted according to the causative factors. To treat a bacterial infection that makes the adenoids inflamed and swollen, your doctor may prescribe antibiotics.
If the swelling of your adenoids is severe enough, your doctor may also prescribe corticosteroid medications. These drugs are available in the form of nasal sprays or oral medications.
Surgery adenoidectomy is generally performed if the adenoid disorder recurs very often, causes severe airway obstruction, or if it doesn't get better with medication. This operation aims to remove the problematic adenoid gland.
Although enlarged adenoids are very common in children, this condition can also affect adults. If you or your child is experiencing symptoms of an enlarged adenoid, it's best if the condition is immediately examined by a doctor so that it can be treated appropriately.