Knowing the Female Reproductive Organs

Knowing the Female Reproductive Organs
Knowing the Female Reproductive Organs

Female reproductive organs are a group of organs involved in the reproductive system, in this case to prepare for pregnancy to childbirth. Each reproductive organ is designed with its own function. These organs are owned by women from birth, but their reproductive ability will only begin after puberty

Female reproductive structures and organs play an important role in the reproductive process, which includes the menstrual cycle, conception (when an egg is fertilized by a sperm), pregnancy, and childbirth. According to its location, female reproductive organs can be divided into two, namely organs that are on the outside of the body and organs that are inside the body.

Getting to Know the Female Reproductive Organs - Alodokter

External Female Reproductive Organs

The external female reproductive organs are grouped in an area called the vulva, which is located outside the vagina. These organs include:

  • Labia

    Labia are the external female reproductive organs which consist of two pairs of skin folds on either side of the vaginal opening, named the labia majora and the labia minora. The labia majora (large pubic lips) are on the outside and will be covered with pubic hair after puberty, while the labia minora (small pubic lips) are hairless.

  • Mons pubis

    Fat mass above the labia which is covered with hair after entering puberty. This section secretes pheromones which are thought to play a role in the process of sexual attraction.

  • The vaginal opening

    This is the entrance to the vagina.

  • The urethral opening

    The urethral opening is where urine comes out of the bladder.

  • Clitoris

    Clitoris is a small protrusion at the top of the labia minora, which is very sensitive and is the main source of female sexual pleasure.

  • Bartholin's glands or vestibular glands

    These glands are located on both sides of the vaginal opening, and function to produce thick mucus to lubricate the vagina during sexual intercourse.

Inner Female Reproductive Organs

Female reproductive organs in the body, located in the pelvic cavity (pelvis). These organs include:

  • Vagina

    This organ is located between the lower part of the uterus and the outside of the body. The vagina is the passageway or exit for childbirth, as well as the entry point for the penis during sexual intercourse.

  • The cervix or cervix

    The cervix is ​​the entrance between the vagina and the uterus, which is a narrow passageway. The cervical wall is flexible, so it can stretch and open the birth canal during labor.

  • The uterus or uterus

    It is a pear-shaped organ that houses the developing fetus.

  • Ovaries (ovaries)

    This organ is a small oval-shaped gland located on both sides of the uterus. The ovaries function to produce eggs and produce the main sex hormones, namely estrogen and progesterone, which are released into the bloodstream.

  • The fallopian tube or fallopian tube

    The fallopian tube is a narrow tube that is attached to the top of the uterus leading to the ovaries. This channel is the pathway for the egg from the ovary to the uterus, as well as the place where the egg is fertilized by the sperm.

Just like other body parts, female reproductive organs have a very important role. Therefore, it is appropriate if the he alth of the female reproductive organs is taken care of so that they are protected from various disorders, such as infection or injury. When there are problems with the reproductive organs, a woman will find it difficult to get pregnant or be at risk of infertility.

Taking care of the female reproductive organs can be one way to protect yourself, your partner, and your long-term baby from various dangerous diseases. So, take care of your female reproductive organs from now on, and don't forget to check with your doctor regularly.

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