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Acne is not a dangerous condition, but its presence is often disturbing. Antibiotics for acne are generally used as a way to treat stubborn acne caused by bacterial infection. However, its use must be in accordance with the doctor's instructions
In general, women are more prone to breakouts than men. Although it looks mild, acne can have quite serious psychological effects, ranging from decreased self-confidence to depression.
Acne is usually caused by the blockage of hair follicles by oil and dead skin cells. In addition, several other things can also cause acne, namely excess oil production, increased hormone activity, and bacterial infections.
How Do Bacteria Trigger Acne?
Acne or not, normally there are bacteria on the surface of human skin. However, under certain conditions, the number of bacteria on the skin can increase suddenly, especially in adolescents who are entering puberty and women who are menstruating or are pregnant.
The increase in the number of bacteria in the hair follicles, especially on the face, neck, chest, and back, will make the body produce cells to fight infection. This condition eventually causes inflammation in the form of irritation and redness of the skin that triggers the appearance of acne.
Bacteria-clogging hair follicles will eventually burst and cause inflammation to spread to the surrounding tissue.
Use of Antibiotics for Acne
Antibiotics are often used to treat acne caused by bacteria. The use of antibiotics can reduce inflammation caused by acne prone skin by killing the bacteria that cause acne.
However, not all types of acne need to be treated with antibiotics, because acne treatment generally depends on age, severity of acne, and previous acne treatment history. Antibiotics are only used to treat acne that is at risk of leaving scars or acne that is classified as severe.
There are antibiotics for acne that are in the form of topical (topical) and some are taken directly (oral). Topical antibiotics work to kill bacteria in the acne-prone area of the skin, while oral antibiotics kill bacteria from within the pores of the skin as a whole.
There are several choices of antibiotics that doctors can prescribe to treat acne, namely:
- Clindamycin works to slow down and stop the growth of bacteria on acne prone skin. This drug is available in the form of topical medication and oral medication.
- Erythromycin is used to kill bacteria that cause skin infections and treat long-term skin disorders.
- Doxycycline is an oral antibiotic of the tetracycline class that works to stop the growth of bacteria that cause acne. This drug can work optimally if taken on an empty stomach, which is 1 hour before eating or 2 hours after eating for people with stomach ulcers.
The use of antibiotics for acne must be in accordance with the doctor's recommendations and prescriptions. This is because the use of inappropriate or indiscriminate antibiotics can increase the risk of antibiotic resistance
In addition, pregnant women should be more careful, because some antibiotics can cause interference with pregnancy and the fetus, so they need to be avoided.
The use of antibiotics for acne may be combined with topical medications containing retinoids or benzoyl peroxide to increase the effectiveness of treatment and reduce the risk of developing antibiotic resistance.
Tips for Overcoming Acne
To help treat acne, you need to pay attention and take better care of skin hygiene. Here are some tips that you need to follow to deal with acne prone skin:
- Clean the skin using mild soap and soft ingredients. Avoid soaps that contain a lot of fragrance and are antiseptic because they can dry out the skin, and even irritate sensitive skin.
- Avoid scrubbing or scrubbing the skin excessively when cleaning acne-prone skin.
- Use products for skin that have been dermatologically tested and are non-comedogenic, so they are safe and do not clog skin pores.
- Avoid touching, scratching, or popping the pimple yourself, as this can cause the infection to spread and cause acne scars.
- Wash your hands regularly with soap and clean water.
- Clean your hair regularly with shampoo, especially if you have oily hair.
- Clean your face before going to bed, especially if you use make-up.
The use of antibiotics for acne should be accompanied by the steps above so that annoying acne can be resolved immediately. However, you also need to remember that the use of antibiotics must follow the instructions and under the supervision of a dermatologist so that treatment can be effective and you avoid the risk of unwanted side effects.