Table of contents:
- Understanding the Causes of Diabetic Ulcers
- How to Treat Diabetic Ulcers
- Diabetic Ulcer Prevention Measures
Diabetic ulcers are a condition that is often experienced by diabetics. This condition is characterized by the appearance of sores accompanied by an unpleasant-smelling discharge from the feet. Diabetic ulcers are one of the dangerous complications of diabetes and need to be treated by a doctor immediately
Diabetic ulcers occur due to damage to nerves and blood vessels caused by uncontrolled blood sugar levels, thus triggering the appearance of wounds. The sores most often occur on the underside of the big toe or the sole of the forefoot.
For conditions that are already severe, nerve damage can extend to the bones, so doctors need to perform a leg amputation procedure.
Understanding the Causes of Diabetic Ulcers
The cause of diabetic ulcers is poor blood circulation, so that blood flow does not flow to the feet properly. In addition, high glucose levels can also trigger nerve damage in the feet, causing numbness of the feet. This condition facilitates the formation of wounds on the feet and makes it difficult for the wound healing process.
In addition, there are several factors that can increase the risk of diabetic ulcers, including:
- Deformity of the foot, such as protruding bones (bunions)
- Calps on the feet
- Smoking habits or consumption of alcoholic beverages.
Every diabetic is at risk for diabetic ulcers. However, it mostly occurs in older men.
How to Treat Diabetic Ulcers
Diabetes sufferers who have diabetic ulcers are recommended to lead a he althy lifestyle and take medicines that have been prescribed by doctors to maintain blood sugar levels, blood pressure, and cholesterol levels in the body.
Controlled blood sugar plays an important role in supporting the healing process of diabetic ulcers and preventing other diabetes complications, such as kidney failure and retinal damage.
In addition, doctors can also take the following steps to treat diabetic ulcers:
Covering with a bandage
To treat diabetic ulcers as well as prevent and treat wound infections, the doctor will provide instructions on how to treat diabetic wounds. One of the steps commonly taken by doctors is to cover the diabetic ulcer with a bandage and replace it regularly.
The doctor will prescribe antibiotics to prevent or treat infection, as well as antiplatelet drugs to improve blood flow. The doctor will also give medicines to help control blood sugar levels, namely antidiabetic drugs or insulin.
Removing dead skin and tissue (debridement)
Doctors may treat diabetic ulcers with a procedure called debridement. Debridement is a procedure to remove dead skin and tissue. There are many methods of debridement that can be done, one of which is the surgical method.
Doctors will also try to improve blood flow in the legs. Treatment can be in the form of hyperbaric oxygen therapy. If deemed necessary, the doctor will recommend the use of special shoes or footwear to reduce pressure on the feet and the use of a cane or wheelchair temporarily.
Diabetic Ulcer Prevention Measures
Although every diabetic patient has the possibility of experiencing diabetic ulcers, this condition can be avoided with the following preventive measures:
- Check your feet regularly for cracks or calluses that could lead to sores.
- Clean your feet using soap and warm water, especially between your toes, then dry them thoroughly.
- Cut your nails regularly.
- Use shoes with a comfortable size and soft material, and immediately change socks if they feel wet or sweaty.
The thing that is no less important is to keep blood sugar levels in normal conditions. Pay attention to the right diet and consumption of drugs that have been suggested by the doctor. You are also recommended to check your he alth condition regularly to the doctor to monitor your blood sugar levels.
If you feel symptoms of foot problems or signs of diabetic ulcers, consult a doctor immediately so that appropriate treatment can be carried out immediately.