Know 25 Causes of Vomiting and How to Prevent It

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Know 25 Causes of Vomiting and How to Prevent It
Know 25 Causes of Vomiting and How to Prevent It

In addition to pregnancy, there are many common causes of vomiting, ranging from overeating, food poisoning, to certain diseases. To help overcome and prevent it, see the following information

Vomiting is a condition when stomach contents come out through the mouth, either forcibly or not. Before vomiting, you will usually feel nauseous which makes you feel uncomfortable in your stomach.

Recognize the 25 Causes of Vomiting and How to Prevent It - Alodokter

Actually vomiting is not a disease, but it is a symptom of several diseases. Therefore, the cause of vomiting needs to be found out so that it can be treated appropriately.

Various Possible Causes of Vomiting

Vomiting can be caused by things that are not harmful. However, there is also vomiting which indicates a serious disorder. Here are 25 things that make you vomit:

  1. Eating in large portions
  2. Food poisoning
  3. Stress
  4. Motion sickness
  5. Infection of the digestive tract
  6. Kidney infection
  7. Early stage of pregnancy/ morning sickness
  8. Reaction to certain odors
  9. stomach acid disease
  10. Appendicitis
  11. Intestinal obstruction
  12. Gastroparesis or disorders of the stomach wall muscles
  13. Excessive alcohol consumption
  14. Gallbladder Disease
  15. Hepatitis
  16. Heart attack
  17. Migraine
  18. ear infection
  19. Meningitis
  20. Depression
  21. Bulimia
  22. Concussion or brain injury
  23. Some types of cancer
  24. Side effects of treatment, such as chemotherapy or radiation therapy
  25. Vertigo

Most of the causes of vomiting can be identified by looking at other complaints experienced. However, in some conditions, an examination is necessary to be able to determine the cause.

If the cause is known, the doctor can provide appropriate treatment and recommend ways to prevent vomiting in the future.

How to Detect the Cause of Vomiting

If you vomit after eating certain foods, you may have food poisoning. Usually vomiting will occur at least 1-8 hours after you eat food that has been contaminated with bacteria, especially Salmonella bacteria.

When you are traveling long distances by car, bus, boat, plane or train, and suddenly you feel nauseous and vomit, it could be a sign that you have motion sickness or vertigo.

To detect other causes of vomiting, you can consult a doctor. The doctor will ask for a history of the appearance of complaints that accompany vomiting, as well as perform a physical examination.

If deemed necessary, you will also undergo a series of additional checks, such as:

  • Blood test
  • Urine test
  • pregnancy test
  • Scans, such as X-rays or abdominal ultrasound

Through this series of examinations, the doctor can predict the cause of vomiting more clearly so that they can provide appropriate treatment for your condition.

Things To Do After Vomiting

When you vomit, you will expel a lot of fluids from the body, making you prone to dehydration. Signs that you are dehydrated include dry lips and mouth, thirst, dizziness, sunken eyes, palpitations, dark colored urine, and decreased frequency of urination.

To avoid dehydration after vomiting while reducing the risk of vomiting again, there are several things you need to do, namely:

  • Drink lots of fluids, such as water, ginger water, or warm ORS solution
  • Don't eat heavy food right away. Wait until about 6 hours after vomiting or when you don't feel nauseous.
  • Try to eat light, bland foods, such as porridge, biscuits, or bread, in small amounts every 2 hours.
  • Avoid fried, oily or sweet foods.
  • Avoid brushing your teeth after eating.

If you are vomiting due to stomach problems, for example because of acid reflux disease, you can undergo special treatment along with he althy lifestyle adjustments to reduce vomiting.

If vomiting appears as a side effect of the treatment you are taking, such as cancer treatment or chemotherapy, there may be special steps that you need to take according to the doctor's advice, for example adjusting your diet during treatment or taking other drugs to reduce the side effects of vomiting.

Consuming drugs to reduce vomiting can also be given to pregnant women and for those of you who experience motion sickness. However, you should first consult with your doctor to get a prescription and dosage according to your condition.

How to Prevent Vomiting

If you start to feel nauseous and feel like you're going to throw up, try these simple things:

  • Don't move too much. Calm your body by sitting or lying down.
  • Avoid strong odors, such as cooking odors, which can trigger nausea and vomiting.
  • Take a break after eating and don't lie down right away. Sit relaxed for about 1-2 hours and avoid any kind of overactive movement.
  • Eat slowly and in small portions but often.
  • Drink a glass of warm water slowly to reduce the urge to vomit.
  • Avoid looking out the window for too long to prevent motion sickness. Also, don't read while traveling, take anti-hangover medication about 30 minutes before traveling, and make sure your head is still upright even when you're leaning back.

Especially for pregnant women who experience morning sickness, you can prevent vomiting by eating a biscuit snack before getting out of bed in the morning or by eating a high-protein snack, such as cheese or chicken breast pieces, at night.

In general, vomiting is not dangerous, but consult a doctor or emergency room immediately if you are vomiting for more than 24 hours, vomiting blood, or vomiting with severe headache, stiff neck, high fever, blurred vision, diarrhea, severe abdominal pain, or rapid breathing.

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