Be careful, amniotic fluid embolism can be life-threatening for pregnant women and fetuses

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Be careful, amniotic fluid embolism can be life-threatening for pregnant women and fetuses
Be careful, amniotic fluid embolism can be life-threatening for pregnant women and fetuses
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Amniotic fluid embolism is a condition when amniotic fluid enters and mixes into the mother's circulatory system. Conditions that can occur during or after childbirth are generally difficult to prevent and pose a risk of dangerous complications for both mother and baby

Amniotic fluid embolism is one of the rare complications of childbirth, but it is difficult to prevent and detect early. This condition usually occurs suddenly and the cause is unknown.

Be careful, amniotic fluid embolism can threaten the lives of pregnant women and fetuses - Alodokter

Risk Factors for the Occurrence of Amniotic Water Embolism

Amniotic fluid embolism usually appears suddenly for no apparent reason. In fact, pregnant women who are in good he alth can suddenly develop amniotic fluid embolism during childbirth. However, this condition is very rare.

Although the exact cause is not known, there are several factors that are thought to increase the risk of amniotic fluid embolism, including:

  • Age of pregnant women over 35 years
  • Placental disorders, such as torn placenta and placenta previa
  • Preeclampsia
  • Problems with amniotic fluid, for example, excessive amniotic fluid (polyhydramnios)
  • Method of delivery by caesarean section or the help of forceps
  • Induction of labor to trigger the birth process
  • twin pregnancy
  • Injury to stomach or uterus
  • Allergic reaction to amniotic fluid

Some Signs and Symptoms of amniotic fluid embolism

When amniotic fluid embolism occurs, pregnant women can experience a lack of oxygen (hypoxia), a drastic drop in blood pressure, and blood clotting disorders.

These conditions can cause the following symptoms:

  • Shortness of breath or heavy breathing
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Cold sweat
  • Skin and lips look bluish (cyanosis)
  • chest pounding
  • Seizure
  • Loss of consciousness or fainting
  • Bleeding

While in the fetus, amniotic fluid embolism can cause fetal distress. If not treated immediately, this condition can endanger the life of the fetus.

Treatment of amniotic fluid embolism

Although relatively rare, amniotic fluid embolism is a dangerous condition and needs to be treated by a doctor immediately. If they don't get immediate treatment, mothers who experience amniotic fluid embolism are at risk for dangerous complications, such as brain damage, respiratory failure, shock, and cardiac arrest.

To treat the condition of amniotic fluid embolism, the doctor can take several treatment steps in the form of:

oxygen therapy

Amniotic fluid embolism can cause blood flow to the mother and fetus to be obstructed. This results in the mother and fetus being deprived of oxygen. Therefore, doctors will generally provide additional oxygen.

In addition to helping the mother breathe normally, oxygen therapy is also important to maintain the oxygen supply to vital organs, such as the lungs, heart, and brain, so that they can function properly.

If there is respiratory or cardiac arrest due to amniotic fluid embolism, the doctor will perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

Blood Transfusion

Amniotic fluid embolism can cause heavy bleeding that is difficult to stop during or after delivery. To replace the lost blood, the doctor can give a blood transfusion.

Drugs

The purpose of giving drugs is to treat disorders that occur due to amniotic fluid embolism. For example, if amniotic fluid embolism causes heart problems in the mother, the doctor may prescribe medications to strengthen heart function.

Meanwhile, to deal with severe bleeding, doctors can give medicines to stop the bleeding. In certain cases, the doctor may also prescribe corticosteroid drugs to treat amniotic fluid embolism.

The condition of amniotic fluid embolism is one of the emergency conditions during labor or pregnancy. Mothers who experience amniotic fluid embolism generally require intensive care and close monitoring in the ICU.

Babies born to mothers with amniotic fluid embolism also usually need to be monitored in the NICU, especially if their condition is considered unstable.

So that the risk of amniotic fluid embolism can be detected early and anticipated, pregnant women need to routinely carry out prenatal check-ups with a gynecologist or midwife.

To reduce the risk of amniotic fluid embolism, pregnant women also need to give birth in an adequate he alth care facility, such as a hospital or maternity clinic.

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