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Severe dehydration occurs when you lose more fluids than you take in. This condition is generally characterized by feeling very thirsty and feeling weak. Severe dehydration is not a condition to be taken lightly, as it can lead to serious he alth problems
In general, water has a very important role for the body, namely to facilitate digestion, remove waste and toxins, moisten the eyes and joints, and maintain he althy skin. Therefore, if the body lacks a lot of fluids and is severely dehydrated, the organs of the body will not function properly.
Anyone can experience severe dehydration, especially people who drink less water than the body needs. Everyone's fluid needs are different, depending on their age, environment, and activities.
In addition to not drinking often, severe dehydration can also be caused by several things, including diarrhea, diabetes, excessive consumption of alcoholic beverages, and sweating a lot, either due to fever, exercise, or working in hot weather.
Recognizing Symptoms of Severe Dehydration
Severe dehydration is generally characterized by a feeling of extreme thirst. However, thirst can not always be used as a benchmark. For example, elderly people (elderly) usually do not feel thirsty even though their bodies are dehydrated. Therefore, it is important to pay attention to other symptoms of severe dehydration, such as:
- Dizzy and dazed
- Body feels weak, tired, and wants to faint
- Infrequent urination and dark urine
- Skin looks dry
Dehydration in infants and children may have different symptoms. Some of the symptoms of a dehydrated baby or child, including dry mouth and tongue, crying without tears, not having a wet diaper for more than 3 hours, looking lethargic, or always fussy.
In addition, the eyes and cheeks of babies and children who are dehydrated will look sunken. He also doesn't seem to have any appetite or drink.
Threatening Risks Due to Severe Dehydration
When you are mildly dehydrated, you just need to drink water or do water therapy so that your body's fluid needs can be met. However, if the dehydration you experience is severe dehydration, you may need to get special treatment in the hospital.The doctor may give you fluids through an IV.
If left untreated, severe dehydration can lead to a number of serious he alth conditions and problems, such as:
When electrolyte levels in the body are not balanced, muscle contractions can occur and the body can experience convulsions. In fact, it is possible that the sufferer will also lose consciousness.
2. Injury due to hot weather
This condition occurs because the body sweats a lot due to strenuous activities, but is not accompanied by adequate fluid intake. Symptoms vary, ranging from mild seizures from hot air to heatstroke.
3. Kidney disorders
Dehydration that occurs repeatedly, prolonged, and left without medical treatment, can cause kidney stones, urinary tract infections, to kidney failure.
4. Hypovolemic shock
This condition occurs when blood pressure and oxygen levels in the body decrease due to insufficient blood volume. This condition is very dangerous because it can be life-threatening.
Always fulfill your body's fluid needs by consuming lots of drinking water during and after activities or at least 8 glasses per day. If necessary, always consume drinking water when doing strenuous activities in open spaces.
If you already feel symptoms of severe dehydration, immediately drink enough water and immediately see a doctor for treatment. The sooner it is treated, the less chance of complications.