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Infertility tests or fertility tests are done to help find out why couples don't have children soon. With these tests, doctors will be helped in determining the right solution for couples to get pregnant quickly
Starting from “fishing” by adopting children, artificial insemination, sperm donation, to conducting IVF programs, there are many ways that couples do to have children. If you and your partner have been married for more than a year and have sex regularly without contraception but have not yet been blessed with children, it never hurts to see a doctor.
After the examination or test is carried out, you and your partner can discuss what steps will be taken so that they can immediately carry the baby. Problems that arise and cause infertility are sometimes treated right away when infertility tests are done. Here are some fertility or infertility tests commonly performed by men and women.
Female Infertility Test
The cause of infertility in women can be checked or known by carrying out several types of tests. Starting from hormone tests, tests for general he alth conditions, tests for infectious diseases, to blood rhesus tests.
Hormone tests are performed to assess a woman's ability to ovulate (produce eggs). Some of the hormone tests that are carried out include:
- FSH (Follicle-Stimulating Hormone). This is a test to measure the amount of FSH (a hormone produced by the pituitary gland) in the blood. FSH controls the menstrual cycle and egg production in women, as well as controls sperm production in men. This test is usually done on certain days in a woman's menstrual cycle. The FSH test is usually done to:.
- Helps find the cause of infertility, whether the number of eggs is low.
- Helps evaluate menstrual problems, such as irregular periods.
- Diagnosing disorders of the pituitary gland or diseases related to the ovaries, such as ovarian cysts or polycystic ovary syndrome.
- Knowing whether it has entered the period
- LH (Luteinizing Hormone). The LH test is a test to determine the amount of luteinizing hormone in the blood, which is a hormone secreted by the pituitary gland under the brain.Just like follicle-stimulating hormone, luteinizing hormone also functions to help regulate the menstrual cycle and egg production. In addition to knowing egg production and menstrual problems, this test is also usually done to find out whether a woman is ovulating or has reached her period. Usually this test is done on certain days in a woman's menstrual cycle.
- Estradiol is a hormone in the blood that helps the growth and development of female sex organs, such as the uterus, fallopian tubes, vagina, and breasts. This estradiol test is done to check the performance of the ovaries, placenta, and adrenal glands, whether there are signs of ovarian tumors, whether the body is not developing normally, and whether menstruation has stopped.
- AMH (Anti-Müllerian Hormone). AMH is a hormone produced by small follicles in the ovaries. The AMH test is done to find out if there are abnormalities in the ovaries that are the cause of infertility in women.This test can also tell how many eggs are in the body and how much longer the body's fertile period remains. If the AMH level is low, it means that the egg reserves are low.
General He alth Test
This test is to find out general he alth conditions that can have an impact on fertility and pregnancy, for example:
- TSH (Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone), which is a test carried out to measure the amount of TSH hormone in the blood. This hormone produced by the pituitary gland tells the thyroid gland to make and release thyroid hormones into the blood. A TSH test is done if we show signs of a thyroid disorder. Low levels of thyroid hormone in the body can interfere with the release of eggs from the ovaries (ovulation) to interfere with fertility.
- HbA1c test, which shows our average blood sugar (glucose) level over the last 3 months and tells how well we control our diabetes.This test is performed because people with type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus are at risk of experiencing menstrual disorders and infertility.
- Vitamin D test, vitamin D plays a role in the female reproductive system and affects sex hormones.
Complete blood test. This procedure looks for problems with the chromosomes in cells. Some genetic disorders or problems can make it difficult for a person to get pregnant or cause miscarriage. It is also possible to check for diseases such as measles Rubella which can harm an unborn fetus if infected during the first trimester.
Infectious disease test
Some say that some infectious diseases can affect a person's fertility level. Therefore, there are several tests that are carried out to check whether we have a disease that causes infertility, for example tests for hepatitis B (hepatitis B antigen, hepatitis B antibody) and hepatitis C, HIV/AIDS (HIV 1&2), and syphilis (tests for HIV). VDRL).
Blood group test or Rhesus (Rh) blood
Difficulty having children can also be caused by the difference in Rhesus (Rh) blood between the mother and the child who is being conceived. Rhesus is a type of protein present on the surface of red blood cells. Those who have the Rh factor in their bodies are Rh-positive, while those who don't are Rh-negative.
Women who are Rh-negative will build antibodies against Rh-positive babies. This means that the mother-to-be's antibodies will attack the baby's own blood, causing miscarriage, ectopic pregnancy, anemia, and even death in the fetus or newborn. By doing a blood test, the risk of losing the baby due to the Rhesus difference can be known immediately. Fast and appropriate preventive measures can also be taken.
Infertility Test on Men
In addition to women, fertility or infertility tests are also carried out by men. The test procedures carried out are the same as for women, some are different.Some of the same procedures are tests for hepatitis B antigen, hepatitis B antibody, hepatitis C, HIV 1&2, and VDRL. While the different tests include:
- Semen analysis This test is usually one of the first tests done to help find out why a couple is having trouble conceiving children. Why? Because a third of couples who can not have children due to problems with semen or male sperm. Semen analysis was carried out to determine the volume of semen when ejaculating, thick or liquid semen, the number of sperm in the semen, the shape of the sperm, the movement of the sperm, the pH level of the semen, the presence or absence of blood in the semen, and the amount of fructose sugar in the water. cum. All of which determine whether semen conditions are ideal for fertilizing an egg in a woman. The collection of semen samples can be done by masturbating, having sex using a condom, ejaculating outside the body, or ejaculating with electrical stimulation.
- Blood group test. Early research shows that men with certain blood types have a higher risk of infertility than other blood types.
If you and your partner find it difficult to have children, it never hurts to see a doctor or do an infertility test. When the cause is known, the doctor will find it easier to provide the appropriate solution. Keep in mind, these tests are the first step in trying to have children. Other tests and reviews may need to be performed by a specialist to interpret the results and other recommendations.