Pregnancy outside the womb: Beware of the causes and dangers

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Pregnancy outside the womb: Beware of the causes and dangers
Pregnancy outside the womb: Beware of the causes and dangers

Pregnancy outside the womb or ectopic pregnancy is a condition that can be dangerous because it can cause complications in the form of bleeding. To prevent this, it is important to recognize the causes and symptoms so that treatment can be done as early as possible

The process of pregnancy begins with the fertilization of the egg by the sperm. After being fertilized, the egg will develop into an ovum (future fetus) and then attach to the lining of the uterine wall.

Pregnancy outside the womb: Beware of the causes and dangers - Alodokter

However, the fertilized egg can sometimes implant and grow outside the uterus. This condition is called pregnancy outside the womb or ectopic pregnancy.

An ectopic pregnancy can occur in the ovaries, fallopian tubes, cervix, or even the abdominal cavity. This pregnancy must be stopped immediately, either with medication or surgery, so as not to endanger the life of the pregnant woman.

Risk Factors for Pregnancy Outside the womb

Pregnancy outside the womb can occur due to narrowing of the fallopian tube, so that the fertilized egg is retained and develops in the fallopian tube. This condition is more at risk for women who have had a previous ectopic pregnancy.

In addition, there are several other factors or medical conditions that can increase a woman's risk of having an ectopic pregnancy, namely:

  • Pregnant at 35 years or older
  • Sexually transmitted diseases
  • Inflammation of the pelvis
  • History of surgery on the pelvis or abdominal cavity
  • Abortion history
  • Treatment to improve fertility
  • Endometriosis
  • Side effects of intrauterine contraception or IUD
  • Smoking habit

Pregnancy Symptoms Outside the womb

Ectopic pregnancy sometimes does not cause symptoms, so it is often not realized by women who experience it. However, some women may experience symptoms of an ectopic pregnancy when they are 4–12 weeks pregnant.

The following are some of the symptoms of pregnancy outside the womb that need attention:

  • Pain in lower abdomen
  • light vaginal bleeding
  • Pain or pressure in the anus when defecating
  • Discomfort when urinating

As gestational age progresses, ectopic pregnancy can experience complications in the form of bleeding due to rupture of the fallopian tube. When this happens, there are several symptoms that women who experience it can experience, including:

  • Pelvic pain or severe abdominal pain with severe vaginal bleeding
  • Dizziness or severe headache
  • Shoulder pain
  • Frying eyes
  • Pale and limp
  • Cold hands and feet
  • Fast heartbeat
  • Fainted

Pregnancy outside the womb that has caused bleeding is an emergency medical condition that requires treatment as soon as possible. Therefore, you are advised to go to the hospital immediately, if you experience these symptoms.

Risks and Dangers of Pregnancy Outside the womb

Pregnancy outside the womb can be risky and dangerous for he alth. The following are various complications and impacts of pregnancy outside the womb that need to be watched out for:

1. Rupture of fallopian tube

Pregnancy outside the womb is at risk of causing a ruptured fallopian tube. This complication can occur suddenly and can be accompanied by symptoms such as severe pain in the pelvis or abdomen with or without heavy bleeding, paleness, weakness, and fainting.

2. Decreased fertility rate

The condition of being pregnant outside the womb, especially one that has happened repeatedly, can cause the fallopian tubes to be damaged and not function properly. This can affect fertility and increase the risk of infertility in women.

If one of the fallopian tubes is in good condition, a woman who has experienced an ectopic pregnancy still has about a 60% chance of getting pregnant.

3. The risk of pregnancy outside the womb is repeated

If a woman has experienced pregnancy outside the womb before, the risk of experiencing it again in the next pregnancy is quite high. Therefore, you are advised to be more vigilant when undergoing a pregnancy program if you have experienced a history of pregnancy outside the womb.

4. Stress and depression

Experiencing a pregnancy outside the womb is a scary thing for some women and often causes trauma in itself. This condition can make women afraid to get pregnant again or stress and worry because of the risk of fertility problems that they can experience.

However, you don't need to worry because most women who have had an ectopic pregnancy can still get pregnant again.

Pregnancy outside the womb is not completely preventable, but this condition can be detected early by routinely consulting a pregnancy with a gynecologist. Therefore, it is important for pregnant women to start checking their womb to the doctor since they find out that they are positive for pregnancy.

To evaluate the condition of your pregnancy and determine whether you are pregnant outside the womb, the doctor can perform a physical examination and supporting examinations which include blood tests and ultrasound pregnancy. After that, the doctor can provide appropriate treatment.

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