6 Choice of Effective Joint and Muscle Pain Medications

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6 Choice of Effective Joint and Muscle Pain Medications
6 Choice of Effective Joint and Muscle Pain Medications

Joint and muscle pain is a condition that is often experienced by many people. To relieve it, there are various choices of joint and muscle pain medications that you can try, either in the form of oral medications or topical medications. Come on, see the full explanation here

Joint and muscle pain is often complained of after undergoing certain activities, such as standing too long, lifting heavy weights, or exercising excessively. In addition, some medical conditions, such as osteoarthritis, gout, or rheumatoid arthritis, can also cause joint and muscle pain.

6 Choices of Effective Joint and Muscle Pain Medications - Alodokter

Stiffness, soreness, or pain in the joints and muscles is usually felt in the hands, feet, hips, knees, or spine. Pain that appears sometimes can come and go, but can also last a long time. Therefore, various options for joint and muscle pain medications are needed to relieve it.

Choice of Joint and Muscle Pain Medication

There are various choices of joint and muscle pain medications that you can try, including:

1. Paracetamol

Paracetamol is one of the most widely used joint and muscle pain medications. This type of drug is effective for relieving mild joint and muscle pain without swelling.

Not only joint and muscle pain, paracetamol can also be used to treat pain due to other conditions, such as headaches, menstrual cramps, toothache, and even to relieve fever.

There are many brands of paracetamol that you can buy at pharmacies without a doctor's prescription. However, make sure you take it according to the instructions for use listed on the drug packaging and the recommended dosage.

2. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)

Joint pain medications belonging to non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as aspirin, ibuprofen, and naproxen, can also be used to treat moderate to severe joint pain.

Although commonly used, NSAIDs are recommended to only be consumed according to the directions of a pharmacist or doctor. The reason is, this drug has some side effects, especially if used in the long term.

Some of the side effects that can appear are stomach pain, nausea, diarrhea, stomach ulcers, headaches, and drowsiness.

3. Opioid drugs

If the joint and muscle pain that is felt is very severe and cannot be overcome by paracetamol and NSAIDs, the doctor may prescribe an opioid class of drugs, such as oxycodone, morphine, and hydrocodone.

This drug cannot be taken without a doctor's supervision, because of the risk of increasing drug abuse and dependence. In addition, there are other side effects that can also appear, such as drowsiness, constipation, nausea, and vomiting.

Oioid drugs are more often used as an adjunct to medication during surgical procedures, postoperative pain relief, or painkillers after an accident, for example in fractures and head injuries.

4. Muscle relaxants

In addition to the various joint and muscle pain relievers above, there are also specific muscle relaxants to relieve muscle pain, stiffness, and tension. An example of this type of drug that is often used is eperisone.

Not infrequently muscle relaxants are also used together with other pain relievers. Even so, the dose and duration of treatment must still be according to the doctor's recommendations.

5. Capsaicin

In addition to drinking drugs, topical medications containing capsaicin can also be used to reduce joint and muscle pain caused by arthritis. Capsaicin works by blocking substances that send pain signals and triggering the release of endorphins that suppress pain.

However, topical capsaicin cream can cause a stinging or stinging sensation in the area that is applied.

6. Diclofenac Sodium

Ointment containing diclofenac sodium is an effective and safe drug to relieve joint pain. Diclofenac sodium belongs to a group of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) that work by stopping the production of substances that cause pain and inflammation.

To use it, simply apply diclofenac sodium gel on the painful areas of the skin, such as knees, ankles, feet, elbows, wrists, or hands.

Different from capsaicin cream which causes a burning sensation, diclofenac sodium gel still feels comfortable on the skin. The side effects that appear are usually dry skin, redness, itching, or numbness in the part of the body where the cream is applied.

It is important to understand that the various options for joint and muscle pain medications above are only used to relieve symptoms, not the underlying cause.

For people with arthritis, joint disease, or tendinitis who often experience joint pain, the doctor will give steroid drugs in the form of injections directly into the joints.

Warning for Joint and Muscle Pain Medications

Although generally safe, some people need to be careful in using joint and muscle pain medications and are advised to consult a doctor first. Some of these groups of people are:

  • Elderly over 65 years
  • Pregnant women or women who are undergoing a pregnancy program
  • breastfeeding mother
  • Asthma sufferers
  • Allergy to the drugs mentioned above
  • Patients with stomach ulcers or peptic ulcers
  • Patients with heart, liver, kidney, blood pressure, blood circulation, or intestinal disorders
  • Children under 16 years

If you experience persistent side effects due to the use of various joint and muscle pain medications above or experience irritation after using joint pain relief creams or gels, consult your doctor immediately for further treatment.

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