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Although dialysis brings many benefits, side effects of dialysis can also occur. This can be caused by the dialysis procedure itself or because of a decrease in kidney function that cannot be completely overcome by dialysis
Patients with end-stage chronic kidney disease or people who lose kidney function more than 85% are required to do dialysis. This is important to do so that patients with kidney disease avoid various complications.
In addition, dialysis also functions to remove toxins, metabolic wastes, excess fluids from the body, and also helps control blood pressure.
Side Effects of Dialysis Based on Method
Dialysis or dialysis is divided into 2, namely hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis. Generally, the side effect of dialysis is a prolonged feeling of fatigue. However, each dialysis has different side effects.
Hemodialysis side effects
Hemodialysis dialysis can only be done in the hospital. Hemodialysis can be done up to three times a week. The following are the side effects of dialysis that you may experience if undergoing hemodialysis:
1. Blood pressure is too low or high
The most common side effect of hemodialysis is a drop in blood pressure, especially if you also have diabetes. Other possible symptoms include shortness of breath, stomach cramps, muscle cramps, nausea or vomiting.
Conversely, blood pressure can also spike too high, especially if you are a patient with kidney disease with a history of hypertension who still consumes excessive s alt or water.
2. Nausea and vomiting
One of the causes of nausea and vomiting is uremia or the buildup of toxins in the blood caused by kidney failure. In addition, as mentioned in the previous point, nausea and vomiting can also occur due to a decrease in blood pressure due to dialysis methods.
Anemia or a condition that is often referred to as lack of blood is one of the side effects that is quite common. This condition is influenced by kidney disease and dialysis.
4. Itchy skin
The accumulation of phosphorus due to hemodialysis can cause the skin to become itchy. This condition is common. To prevent or relieve symptoms of itchy skin, you may need to follow a special diet and take phosphate binders regularly as directed by your doctor.
5. Muscle cramps
Although the cause is unclear, muscle cramps during hemodialysis may occur. Giving a warm compress in the area can be done to help improve blood circulation and reduce the muscle cramps you feel.
peritoneal dialysis side effects
The peritoneal dialysis dialysis method can be done at home with the direction of a doctor. However, this dialysis method must be done every day on a regular basis. Like hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis dialysis also has side effects. The following are some of the side effects of dialysis performed by the peritoneal method:
Peritonitis is a common complication of peritoneal dialysis. This condition is caused by an infection when the dialysis device used is not sterile, so the bacteria spreads to the peritoneum or stomach lining. So before using dialysis equipment, make sure that the equipment is sterile.
2. Weight gain
In peritoneal dialysis, the dialysis fluid used generally contains sugar that can be absorbed by the body. This can increase the body's calorie intake and cause weight gain.
If you are undergoing peritoneal dialysis, it is better to consult your doctor regarding recommended food and exercise options so that your weight can be controlled properly.
People on peritoneal dialysis have a higher risk of developing a hernia. This is due to the presence of fluid that lasts for hours in the abdominal cavity which can cause the abdominal muscles to become weak. This can trigger a hernia.
The side effects of dialysis vary for each person. However, this action is considered important for patients with kidney failure to help replace kidney function, so that the body can carry out its functions properly.
However, if dialysis is judged to be no longer effective in replacing kidney function or causing very severe side effects, you may be advised to undergo a kidney transplant.
The side effects of dialysis can be treated with the help of drugs or dietary changes. However, this should be done under the supervision of a doctor. Therefore, consult a kidney doctor regularly to maintain a he althy body while undergoing dialysis.