The Causes of Congested Nose and Easy Tips to Overcome It

The Causes of Congested Nose and Easy Tips to Overcome It
The Causes of Congested Nose and Easy Tips to Overcome It

The condition of a blocked nose certainly makes you feel uncomfortable in your activities. There are many reasons why you have a stuffy nose. Nasal congestion can occur when the tissue inside the nose is disturbed. Disturbances can be caused by irritation due to inhaling air pollution, either from vehicle fumes or exposure to cigarette smoke. Other causes of nasal congestion are allergies, sinusitis, and infections, for example ARI and influenza

When you get allergies or breathe dirty air, the membranes lining the nasal passages become inflamed. That's when the nose produces mucus to expel anything that interferes. This irritating mucus causes the nose to become blocked.

Causes of Congested Nose and Easy Tips for Overcoming It - Alodokter

Causes of Congested Nose

As mentioned above, the causes of nasal congestion vary. Here is a more detailed explanation:

Cough cold

Complaints of coughs and colds often occur because of foreign objects such as dirt, infection or inflammation that occurs in the upper respiratory tract, namely the nose and throat. During a cold, your nose may be stuffy. Colds usually clear up on their own within 7-10 days.


Flu or influenza occurs because a virus attacks the respiratory system, such as the nose, throat, and lungs. This condition also allows nasal congestion. Actually, the flu can also heal on its own, but if complications occur, those complications can be dangerous.

Acute sinusitis

Acute sinusitis usually develops due to a cold cough. This condition can actually heal by itself within 10 days. However, when sinusitis occurs, the tissue in the nose becomes inflamed and swollen so that the nasal cavity narrows. Mucus production may also increase. These are the things that cause a stuffy nose.


When allergy sufferers are exposed to allergy-causing substances (allergens), the body will react. Various things can happen as a result of an allergic reaction. In allergic rhinitis, there is a disturbance in the respiratory system, where the production of mucus in the nasal cavity can increase, which causes a sneezing or runny reaction. In this condition, there is also the possibility of nasal congestion.

How to Treat a Congested Nose

There are various ways to treat nasal congestion. Several types of these remedies can be consumed to help relieve the symptoms of a stuffy nose:

Take painkillers

Drugs containing paracetamol or ibuprofen can help relieve pain when nasal congestion.


Antihistamines, are medications to relieve allergies and help reduce nasal congestion.


The nature of this substance is that it helps reduce swelling in the nose due to conditions that cause nasal congestion. In addition, decongestants are available in oral or oral forms and nasal decongestants are sprayed into the nose. Nasal sprays work faster than oral medications, so the effects can be felt immediately.

In addition to the above conditions, nasal congestion can also be caused by vasomotor rhinitis and physical obstruction of the nose, such as nasal polyps, deviated septum.

Treating Nasal Congestion with Nasal Spray and Nasal Decongestants

  1. Nasal spray or nasal spray is a way to deal with nasal congestion with liquid that is sprayed into the nose. This method is done to make the inside of the nose more moist, so that the mucus becomes thinner. Next, the nose will feel more relieved.

The liquid used to spray the nose can be a saline solution. Although it has been proven to be used to help relieve nasal congestion, you are advised to consult with your doctor before making this solution for nasal spraying. This is related to the exact and safe dosage.

  1. Nasal decongestant: Oxymetazoline. The content of this drug serves to reduce the dilation of blood vessels in the nose, thereby reducing blockage in the nose. Oxymetazoline can work on nasal congestion caused by various causes, such as colds, flu, allergies, and sinusitis.

How to use a nasal decongestant that contains oxymetazoline is quite easy and the effect is faster than oral medicine. Spray into one nostril by closing the other nostril. Keep your head straight. Spray while inhaling. Take care not to get the liquid into the eyes. Do it on the other nostril. After that, clean the tip of the spray bottle with warm water, then dry it. Store in a dry place and keep away from direct sunlight.

Don't use too often. Its use is only recommended twice a day, every 10-12 hours. Also pay attention to the length of use. This medicine should not be used for more than three days continuously.

In addition to the drugs above, there are several ways you can help relieve nasal congestion, namely:

  • Drink more fluids, so the thickness of the mucus in the nose will decrease.
  • Breathe in the steam of warm water.
  • Bath using warm water.
  • Washing face with a warm towel.
  • Avoid swimming in pools containing chlorine.

The various ways above can be done to help reduce the symptoms of a stuffy nose. But if you want a way to quickly relieve your symptoms and help you sleep better, then nasal decongestants may be your treatment of choice. Be sure to pay attention to the instructions for use and the dosage, consult a doctor if complaints persist.

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