Recognizing Urinary Troubleshooting Drugs and Their Side Effects

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Recognizing Urinary Troubleshooting Drugs and Their Side Effects
Recognizing Urinary Troubleshooting Drugs and Their Side Effects

There are various types of constipation medicine that can be used to treat complaints of difficulty urinating. However, the use of this drug needs to be adjusted according to the underlying cause, because each constipation medication has a different way of working and has side effects

Complaints of difficulty urinating can be caused by various things, including weakened bladder muscles and obstruction of the urinary tract due to stones or tumors. Difficulty urinating (BAK) can cause urinary retention in the bladder and cause more serious problems.

Get to know the drug for constipation and its side effects - Alodokter

Some diseases or conditions that can cause difficulty urinating are:

  • Certain diseases, such as urinary tract infections, bladder or urinary tract stones, enlarged prostate (BPH), prostate cancer, and diabetes
  • Disorder of nerves that regulate urination
  • Stricture of the urethra or the formation of scar tissue that blocks the flow of urine
  • Side effects of drugs, such as antidepressants and allergies
  • Complications of surgery on the urinary tract or pelvic area

Complaints of difficulty urinating are usually accompanied by other symptoms, such as pelvic pain, pain during urination, still dripping urine after urinating, and feeling incomplete after urinating.

Multiple Options for Urinary Troubleshooting

When you have difficulty urinating, you should consult a doctor. After conducting an examination and determining the cause of the complaints you are experiencing, the doctor can give you constipation medicine according to the cause. Some medicines for constipation that are usually given by doctors are:

1. 5-alpha reductase inhibitor

This type of drug is useful for overcoming complaints of difficulty urinating caused by an enlarged prostate. This drug can also improve the function of the muscles of the urinary tract, so that it can facilitate the ability to urinate.

Several types of 5-alpha reductase inhibitor drugs that doctors can prescribe, including finasteride and dutasteride. Like every drug, this type of drug can cause side effects.

There are several side effects of the 5-alpha reductase inhibitor class of drugs, namely allergic reactions, reduced libido, ejaculation disorders, impotence, breast enlargement in men (gynecomastia), dizziness, and an increased risk of breast or prostate cancer.

2. Alpha blockers

This drug works to relax the muscles in the prostate gland and its surroundings, so that urine can be excreted more easily.

This drug is usually the main choice for treating symptoms of an enlarged prostate. Types of alpha blockers include doxazosin, prazosin, and terazosin.

Some of the side effects of alpha blockers include lowering blood pressure, impaired heart function, chest pain, ejaculation disorders, priapism, nausea, weakness, and allergies.

The risk of these side effects will increase if this type of constipation medication is used in the long term.

3. Estrogen

Enlargement of the prostate is one of the main causes of complaints of difficulty urinating in men, especially the elderly. An enlarged prostate gland will pressurize the urinary tract so that the flow of urine is obstructed.

The administration of estrogen can suppress the enlargement of the prostate gland and reduce the size of the prostate. That way, blockages in the urinary tract will also be resolved. This drug is usually used with other types of constipation medication.

However, estrogen can cause side effects in the form of decreased libido, infertility, weight gain, and erectile dysfunction.

4. Antibiotics

Antibiotics are not routinely given as a cure for constipation. This drug is only given to treat urinary problems due to urinary tract infections, bladder infections, or infections of the kidneys.

However, keep in mind that the use of antibiotics should not be indiscriminate and must be in accordance with the doctor's instructions so as not to cause bacteria to become resistant to antibiotics. This can make bacterial infections even more difficult to treat. That is the reason why antibiotics must be obtained through a doctor's prescription.

In addition, antibiotics can also cause side effects in the form of drug allergic reactions, diarrhea, headaches, and nausea.

Other Treatments for Overcoming Difficulty Urinating

In addition to using drugs, urinary incontinence can be treated with the following actions:

Installation of urinary catheter

Difficulty urinating that causes pain or accumulation of urine in the bladder needs to be treated with a urinary catheter. It is also necessary to install a urinary catheter if the complaint of difficulty urinating does not improve with medication.

Installation of a urinary catheter is generally done through the urinary tract opening. However, if the urinary catheter is difficult or cannot be inserted through the opening, for example due to an enlarged prostate or tumor, the doctor may perform a urine aspiration procedure through the lower abdomen.

Urine aspiration is the act of sucking urine from the bladder using a syringe. Before performing this procedure, the doctor will give you a local anesthetic.


Treatment of urinary incontinence with surgery is generally an option for cases of urinary incontinence that do not improve with medication or urinary catheter placement.

Surgery can also be performed to remove prostate tissue that is enlarged and cannot be reduced by the use of drugs.

The type of surgery performed to treat urinary incontinence can be in the form of prostate surgery through the urinary tract (TURP) or internal urethrotomy, which is surgery to treat urinary tract blockages due to strictures.

This action has several risks and side effects, ranging from urinary tract infections, bleeding, urinary incontinence, to bladder and kidney damage.

In order to avoid complaints of difficulty urinating, you are advised to drink enough water (at least 8 glasses a day), don't hold your pee frequently, and don't drink coffee or alcoholic beverages often. You can also do Kegel exercises regularly to strengthen the lower pelvic muscles.

To relieve complaints of difficulty urinating, apply a warm compress on the lower abdomen to relax the bladder muscles and help expedite urination.

If you have difficulty urinating, you should consult a doctor. This is important so that the doctor can determine the cause and give the appropriate medication for constipation.

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