Take an Audiometry Test to Check Your Hearing Function

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Take an Audiometry Test to Check Your Hearing Function
Take an Audiometry Test to Check Your Hearing Function

Audiometry test is an examination performed to evaluate hearing ability and detect hearing problems at an early stage. Hearing loss can affect anyone, from infants, adults, to the elderly

Hearing impairment is a condition when a person cannot hear part or all of the sound through one or both ears. People with mild hearing loss may still be able to communicate well. However, severe hearing loss can lead to deafness. This certainly interferes with the quality of life of the sufferer and causes difficulties in communicating.

Take an Audiometry Test to Check Your Hearing Function - Alodokter

Causes and Symptoms of Hearing Loss

The following are some conditions or diseases that can cause hearing loss:

1. conductive deaf

Conductive deafness occurs when sound cannot reach the eardrum and the auditory ossicles in the middle ear. This type of hearing loss will make it difficult for you to hear soft or low sounds.

There are several things that can cause a person to experience conductive deafness, including:

  • ear infection
  • earwax buildup
  • Insertion of a foreign object into the ear
  • Tumor or allergic reaction in the ear canal
  • Water too often, for example due to swimming or diving activities

2. Sensorineural deafness

Sensorineural hearing loss occurs due to damage or disruption to the inner ear or to the auditory nerve in the ear and brain. This type of hearing loss is usually permanent.

Sensorineural deafness can make it difficult for the sufferer to hear sounds that are too low or too loud. This is because the sound waves that are caught by the ear cannot be processed by the auditory nerve and brain.

The following are some of the things that can cause sensorineural deafness:

  • Congenital birth defects
  • Aging
  • Prolonged exposure to loud or loud noise
  • Injury to the head
  • Meniere's disease
  • Acoustic neuroma
  • Autoimmune disorder that damages the auditory nerve

3. Ear barotrauma

Barotrauma is a condition when the ear is injured or damaged due to changes in air pressure. People who experience ear barotrauma will usually feel a ringing or ringing in the ears. Barotrauma does not only occur in the ear, but also in the lungs and digestive tract.

Ear barotrauma often occurs in people who are at certain heights or depths, for example being in mountains or highlands, in airplanes, or diving.

When experiencing hearing loss, a person will also usually experience the following signs and symptoms:

  • Often asking other people to repeat the words
  • Difficulty understanding the speech or words of the interlocutor or people around
  • Headache
  • Dizziness or vertigo
  • Ears buzzing

Sometimes, hearing loss also causes sufferers to often feel tired, stressed, and even withdraw from social circles.

As previously mentioned, hearing loss can be temporary or permanent and generally occurs gradually with age. However, hearing loss can sometimes occur suddenly.

If you experience any of the above symptoms, you should immediately consult an ENT doctor. The doctor will evaluate hearing function by conducting ear examinations and hearing tests, one of which is an audiometry test.

Hearing Test with Audiometry Test

Audiometric tests are performed using a machine called an audiometer to produce sounds with different volumes and frequencies. Not only to detect hearing loss, audiometric tests are also carried out as part of a routine he alth check-up (check-up).

The following are the stages of the examination with the audiometric test:

Preparation stage

When the audiometric test is done, you will be asked to sit in a special room. The examiner or audiologist will explain the procedure for the examination and what you need to do in the room. After that, the audiologist will put earphones in your ears.

Inspection stage

When the audiometric test begins, the audiologist will play various sounds, such as voice and speech, at different volumes, frequencies and intervals to both ears. This aims to determine the range of hearing ability of each ear.

During the audiometry examination, the audiologist will give instructions, for example asking you to raise your hand or repeat what you hear. It aims to evaluate your ability to recognize words and distinguish speech sounds from surrounding sounds.

Test result analysis stage

After taking the test, the audiologist will review your test results. Through the results of these tests, the doctor can tell the cause of your hearing loss and the appropriate treatment steps to overcome it.

The audiometric test usually takes 40–60 minutes. This test does not require any special preparation in advance and does not pose any risks. During the examination, you only need to follow the instructions from the audiologist.

If you or your family experience some of the symptoms of hearing loss, you should immediately consult a doctor so that a hearing examination and test (including audiometric tests) can be carried out to assess how well your hearing ability is.

If the test results show that you have hearing loss, your doctor may suggest you to use a hearing aid.

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