Amenorrhea Can Disturb Women, Recognize the Cause

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Amenorrhea Can Disturb Women, Recognize the Cause
Amenorrhea Can Disturb Women, Recognize the Cause
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Amenorrhea is a condition when a woman does not experience menstruation or menstruation for 3 consecutive cycles or more. The term amenorrhea is also used for a condition when a 15 year old woman has never had a period

Amenorrhea can be caused by natural things such as pregnancy or it can also be a sign of he alth problems. In addition to not menstruating, there are several signs and symptoms that may accompany the condition of amenorrhea, such as hair loss, headaches, pelvic pain, acne, and the growth of fine hairs on the face.

Amenorrhea Can Disturb Women, Know the Causes - Alodokter

Various Causes of Amenorrhea

Amenorrhea is divided into 2, namely primary and secondary amenorrhea. The following is the difference between primary and secondary amenorrhea and their causes:

Primary amenorrhea

Primary amenorrhea is a condition when young women do not get their period even though they have entered puberty, which is around the age of 15-16 years. Primary amenorrhea can be influenced by several things, namely:

1. Chromosomal or genetic disorders

Hereditary factors or genetic defects can affect the function of the ovaries and make the menstrual cycle not smooth. Examples of genetic disorders that can cause primary amenorrhea include Turner syndrome and androgen insensitivity syndrome.

2. The pituitary gland is disturbed

Disruption of the pituitary gland in the brain can cause an imbalance of reproductive hormones, causing primary amenorrhea.

Some of the factors that can cause pituitary gland disorders in adolescents include eating disorders, excessive exercise, or psychological stress that has lasted since he was a child.

Secondary amenorrhea

Secondary amenorrhea is a condition when a woman who normally has a normal menstrual cycle becomes non-menstrual for 3 months or more. Secondary amenorrhea can be caused by several things, namely:

1. Natural cause

Pregnancy is the most common natural cause of secondary amenorrhea. In addition, breastfeeding and menopause can also cause a woman to not menstruate for more than 3 months.

2. Unbalanced hormones

Hormone imbalances can be caused by various things, ranging from a tumor in the pituitary gland, low estrogen levels, high testosterone levels (hyperandrogenism), and an overactive thyroid gland (hyperthyroidism).

3. Medical conditions and use of drugs

Certain medical conditions and medications can cause secondary amenorrhea. Here are some in the examples:

  • The use of injectable and hormonal contraceptives can cause women not to have menstruation, so that the body can balance the hormones from the drugs and the menstrual cycle becomes regular again.
  • Medications such as antidepressants and blood pressure-lowering drugs can increase hormones that prevent ovulation and menstruation.
  • Chemotherapy and radiation treatment for cancer treatment can destroy the hormone estrogen which functions to produce eggs in the ovaries, causing women to not have menstruation.
  • The buildup of scar tissue in the lining of the uterus,as in Asherman's syndrome, can prevent the normal shedding of the endometrial lining in the menstrual cycle.

4. Lifestyle

Lifestyle is also one of the factors that can cause secondary amenorrhea. Here are some examples:

  • Very low weight caused by eating disorders or an unhe althy diet can disrupt the hormonal balance in your body, causing menstrual cycle abnormalities.
  • Excessive exercise habits can lead to low levels of body fat and high levels of beta endorphins and catecholamines, thereby interfering with the work of the hormones estrogen and progesterone in the body, which play an important role in the occurrence of menstruation.
  • Excessive stress can cause disturbances in the hypothalamus, the part of the brain that regulates reproductive hormones, so that the release of eggs (ovulation) and menstruation can stop.

Amenorrhea that occurs occasionally and goes away on its own may not be dangerous.However, if you experience this condition frequently, chances are you will find it difficult to determine the fertile period, making it more difficult to get pregnant. Conditions like this should be checked by a doctor.

The doctor will provide treatment to treat the amenorrhea suffered based on the cause. If after examination there are no abnormalities, it is possible that the amenorrhea is caused by an unhe althy lifestyle and does not require specific treatment.

Lifestyle changes to become he althier can be done so that menstruation can return smoothly. However, if there are other underlying conditions, you may need treatment to treat these conditions, so that menstruation can return to normal.

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