Table of contents:
- Benefits of Gamma Rays in Brain Neurosurgery
- Benefits of Gamma Rays for Neurosurgery
- The Risks of Gamma Rays for Neurosurgery
Gamma rays are often used in neurosurgical procedures to treat various diseases of the brain, such as brain tumors. This is because the use of gamma rays is considered safer, causes minimal pain, and has a low risk of complications
Gamma ray radiation or also known as gamma knife (gamma knife) is a treatment therapy that does not involve incisions in the scalp to open the skull bones, but instead emits hundreds of gamma rays that are directed to the affected area of the brain.
Benefits of Gamma Rays in Brain Neurosurgery
The following are some types of brain disorders that can be treated with surgery that uses gamma rays:
1. Brain tumor
Gamma ray radiation can damage the genetic material or DNA of tumor cells, so that it can eradicate tumor cells and make the tumor shrink slowly.
Therefore, gamma ray radiation is often used to treat brain tumors, both benign and malignant brain tumors or brain cancer. Gamma ray surgery can also be done to treat brain tumors that arise due to spread from other organs (metastasis).
2. Arteriovenous malformation (AVM)
AVM or arteriovenous malformation is a condition when there is a blood vessel disorder in the brain that causes blood flow to the brain to be disrupted.
Over time, blood vessels with AVM will become more fragile and break easily. When a blood vessel with this abnormality bursts, the brain will bleed.
To treat abnormalities in the blood vessels in the brain due to AVM, gamma ray surgery can be one of the treatment options that can be done.
3. Trigeminal neuralgia
Trigeminal neuralgia is a disorder of one or both of the trigeminal nerves, the nerves that are responsible for receiving and conveying physical stimuli in the forehead, cheeks, and lower jaw. This nerve disorder causes pain or stinging in the face that feels like an electric shock.
4. Acoustic neuroma
Acoustic neuroma (vestibular schwannoma) is a benign tumor on the nerves in the ear that are responsible for maintaining body balance and hearing function.
Acoustic neuromas can cause hearing loss, dizziness, loss of balance, and ringing in the ears (tinnitus).
In addition, gamma ray radiation surgery can also be used to treat tumors of the pituitary gland (pituitary) located at the base of the brain. This gland is a very important gland because it functions to regulate various body functions, such as stress response, metabolism, and sexual function.
Benefits of Gamma Rays for Neurosurgery
The most common advantage of surgery with gamma radiation is that no incisions are needed, unlike most other neurosurgical techniques. Gamma ray surgical procedures only utilize gamma ray radiation. Gamma ray surgery also does not require general anesthesia or general anesthesia.
In addition, the use of gamma rays for neurosurgery also has other advantages, such as:
Gamma ray surgery only works on the affected area, so that the surrounding area is not exposed to much radiation.
To guide the gamma ray surgical procedure and minimize the risk of side effects that can occur, doctors usually also use imaging methods, such as CT scans or MRIs.
Recovery process is faster
Because it is done without an incision, this method does not cause severe pain, so the recovery process can be faster. The short duration of hospitalization also allows you to be able to return to your activities faster.
High success rate
The success of gamma ray radiation in treating brain tumors is fairly high. This method has also been proven successful in increasing the life expectancy of patients with certain diseases treated with gamma ray surgery.
The Risks of Gamma Rays for Neurosurgery
Although relatively safe, the use of gamma rays for neurosurgery can also cause the following side effects or complications:
- Nausea and vomiting
- Blurred vision
- Loss of balance or dizziness
- Weakness in limbs
- Hair loss
- Swelling in the brain
However, the risk of these side effects varies from person to person. These side effects can also appear within a short time after the gamma ray surgery procedure is performed, but can also occur within a few weeks or months.
Therefore, after undergoing gamma ray surgery, you need to regularly check yourself back to the doctor at the hospital to make sure that your condition is good.
If you experience some side effects after undergoing gamma ray surgery, please consult a neurosurgeon immediately for proper treatment.