The Benefits of Kojic Acid, Main Ingredients for Whitening Skin

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The Benefits of Kojic Acid, Main Ingredients for Whitening Skin
The Benefits of Kojic Acid, Main Ingredients for Whitening Skin

The most famous benefit of kojic acid is to make the skin glow white and free from black spots, as most people dream of, especially women. However, kojic acid can also cause side effects in some people

Before it was used as a skin whitener, in the past, kojic acid was only known as a by-product of the fermentation process in the production of alcoholic beverages, such as sake and wine.

Benefits of Kojic Acid, Main Ingredients for Whitening Skin - Alodokter

However, since 1989, kojic acid has been processed from various mushrooms into products to whiten or brighten the skin, such as serums, creams, face masks, facial cleansers, and soaps.

How it Works and Benefits of Kojic Acid

The factor that determines a person's skin color is the amount of melanin produced by skin cells, called melanocytes. Everyone can produce a different amount of melanin. This can depend on genes, the amount of sun exposure, and the type of skin care a person takes.

Genetically, for example, melanocytes in fair-skinned people generally produce only a small amount of melanin. On the other hand, dark skinned people tend to produce more melanin.

Well, research has found that kojic acid can inhibit and prevent the formation of tyrosine, an amino acid needed to produce the pigment melanin. That's why kojic acid can be effective for skin lightening.

Because of this ability, there are several benefits of kojic acid that can be obtained from beauty products, namely:

1. Removes signs of hyperpigmentation

The main benefit of kojic acid is that it provides a lightening effect on the skin while eliminating signs of hyperpigmentation and uneven skin tone, such as age spots, dark circles under the eyes, dark spots on the skin, as well as scars and acne scars. darken.

For optimal and fast results, skin care products containing kojic acid usually also contain glycolic acid to lighten skin tone due to hyperpigmentation.

2. Overcoming melasma

Kojic acid can also help overcome the problem of dark patches on the skin that are larger in size such as melasma. Usually, melasma occurs on the face or areas of the body that are frequently exposed to the sun.

To treat skin darkening caused by the condition melasma, the most effective formula for skin care products is a combination of kojic acid with hydroquinone and tretinoin.

3. Overcoming acne

Not only does it have a skin-brightening effect, kojic acid can also be used as a powerful acne medication. This is because kojic acid has antimicrobial properties that can help fight some of the common types of bacteria that cause acne.

4. Overcoming fungal infections

Kojic acid also has antifungal properties. In fact, some antifungal products also use kojic acid to increase their effectiveness. If used regularly, kojic acid can be used to treat fungal infections of the skin, such as candidiasis or ringworm.

The result of using kojic acid depends on the concentration of the active ingredient in the product. Generally, results will be seen starting from the first 2 weeks, but can be faster if kojic acid is combined with other active ingredients.

Safe Tips for Getting the Benefits of Kojic Acid

In general, products containing 1% kojic acid are considered safe to use. Even so, there are several other tips so that the benefits of kojic acid can be obtained optimally and safely. Here are some of them:

  • Wear sunscreen and a face shield, such as a hat or umbrella, before going out because kojic acid can make the skin more sensitive to sunlight.
  • Avoid using kojic acid on areas of skin that are damaged or have open wounds.
  • Pay attention to the use and expiration date of the product, as well as other ingredients contained in it.
  • Choose products that are labeled hypoallergenic, non-comedogenic, and do not cause sensitivity to light (non-photo toxic).

For some people, especially those with sensitive skin, creams containing kojic acid can cause contact dermatitis, which is an irritation or allergic reaction. This condition is characterized by several symptoms, such as itchy skin, irritation, redness, rash, swelling, and pain.

If you experience these symptoms, stop using the cream immediately and consult a dermatologist. However, it would be better if you consult a dermatologist first before using kojic acid products as your skin care.

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