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Uremia is a condition when the level of urea in the body is so high that it becomes toxic to the body. Uremia is one of the main symptoms of kidney failure and is also a sign of the end stages of chronic kidney disease
Uremia can occur because the kidneys cannot function properly. This condition makes the kidneys unable to filter and dispose of metabolic waste substances, including urea, through urine. As a result, urea remains in the blood. Uremia can be fatal and life threatening.
Some Symptoms of Uremia
The following are symptoms that can occur when urea builds up in the blood:
- Nausea and vomiting
- Loss of appetite
- Weight loss
- Difficulty concentrating
- Extreme fatigue
- Pain, numbness, or cramping in the legs
If not treated, uremia can cause various complications, ranging from depression, anemia, high blood pressure, severe itching due to mineral imbalance, cardiovascular disease, heart attack, amyloidosis, brain damage, and even death.
Recognizing Uremia Treatment
The treatment of uremia is through dialysis or dialysis. This action is done to remove metabolic waste and toxins from the bloodstream using a machine. Dialysis is divided into two types, namely hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis.
The hemodialysis dialysis process is carried out using two hoses that are separated by a filter machine. Blood will be drained from the body through the first tube to the filter machine. After being filtered, the blood is flowed back into the body through a second tube.
Before, doctors usually performed Cimino surgery to maintain smooth blood flow to the filter machine during the hemodialysis process. The hemodialysis process takes at least 4 hours and is only done in a hospital.
In peritoneal dialysis medical procedures, the blood washing process is carried out using a catheter tube in the abdominal cavity permanently, so it does not require a filter machine. Blood washing liquid is inserted into the abdominal cavity through a tube.
After that, this fluid works to filter toxins in the body and is removed after a few hours. This action can be done at home. To maximize the washing of blood in the stomach, the dialysis fluid should be changed about 4-6 times a day.
Kidney transplant or kidney transplant is the last step of treatment that can be done for patients with kidney failure who experience uremia. He althy kidneys from donors will replace the patient's kidneys that have been damaged. Before kidney surgery, the doctor will match the donor kidney with the patient's body.
Variety of Uremia Prevention
Efforts to prevent uremia are to avoid kidney disease early on. There are several ways you can do, namely:
- Avoid smoking and consumption of alcoholic beverages.
- Control blood pressure and blood sugar levels
- Keep your heart and blood vessels he althy,
- Consumption of he althy food and adequate fluid needs in the body.
- Maintain a he althy diet and exercise regularly.
Uremia is a serious condition that can be life-threatening. If you have symptoms associated with kidney disease, it is important to check with your doctor. The earlier a treatment plan is implemented, the better your chances of preventing uremia.