Know the Classification of Hypertension and the Risk Factors That Affect it

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Know the Classification of Hypertension and the Risk Factors That Affect it
Know the Classification of Hypertension and the Risk Factors That Affect it

The level of a person's blood pressure is determined through the classification of hypertension. The classification of hypertension is made to see whether a person's blood pressure is at a safe level or vice versa

Based on the cause, hypertension is divided into 2 groups, namely primary/essential hypertension and secondary hypertension. Primary hypertension is hypertension with no known exact cause, on the other hand secondary hypertension is hypertension caused by other underlying diseases.

Know the Classification of Hypertension and the Risk Factors That Affect - Alodokter

More than 90 percent of hypertension cases fall into the category of primary hypertension, while secondary hypertension only accounts for 2 to 10 percent of the total hypertension cases.

Hypertension Classification

In checking blood pressure, the systolic and diastolic pressures are measured. Blood pressure is classified as normal if the systolic is less than 120 mmHg and the diastolic is less than 80 mmHg, or usually written as 120/80 mmHg

The following is a classification of grades in other hypertension:


A systolic blood pressure of 120–139 mmHg or a diastolic blood pressure of 80–89 mmHg is classified as prehypertension. Individuals with prehypertension are classified as having a higher risk of developing hypertension.

So if your blood pressure is 110/85 mmHg or 130/79 mmHg, you are classified as an individual at risk of developing hypertension. In this condition, lifestyle changes are needed to reduce your risk of developing hypertension in the future.

Hypertension grade 1

Systolic blood pressure 140–159 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure 90–99 mmHg. If your systolic or diastolic blood pressure is in this range, you will need treatment because of the higher risk of organ damage.

Hypertension grade 2

Systolic blood pressure > 160 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure > of 100 mmHg. At this stage, patients usually need more than one drug. Damage to organs may have occurred, as well as cardiovascular disorders, although not necessarily symptomatic.

Hypertension crisis

If your blood pressure suddenly exceeds 180/120 mmHg, you have a hypertensive crisis. At this stage, you should contact your doctor immediately, especially if you experience signs of organ damage such as chest pain, shortness of breath, back pain, numbness, changes in vision, or difficulty speaking.

Blood pressure is greatly influenced by psychological factors or body conditions during the examination. Therefore, to confirm the diagnosis of hypertension, it is necessary to take blood measurements at least 2 times with an interval of 1 week.

If you take 2 measurements and your blood pressure results are significantly different, the result that will be taken is the result of the higher blood pressure measurement.

Various Hypertension Risk Factors

One of the risk factors for hypertension is increasing age. In women, high blood pressure usually occurs from the age of 65 years. Meanwhile, in men it starts at the age of 45 years.

Several chronic disease conditions are also considered risk factors for hypertension, including diabetes, sleep disorders, and kidney disease. For those of you who have family members who have hypertension, your risk of developing hypertension will also increase.

In addition, there are several other risk factors that are heavily influenced by lifestyle, such as:

1. Stress

Stress conditions and all events that can trigger stress can increase blood pressure. If the stress experienced is severe and occurs for a long time, the possibility of experiencing hypertension becomes greater.

2. Too much s alt consumption

The nature of s alt in the body is to retain fluids. If too much fluid is retained in the blood vessels, the workload of the heart and blood vessels increases, thereby increasing blood pressure.

3. Potassium deficiency

Potassium is helpful in reducing s alt in the body. When potassium is deficient, the body cannot reduce s alt levels. As previously stated, too much s alt will increase blood pressure.

4. Overweight

The body needs blood to supply oxygen. The heavier the body, the more blood is needed. Therefore, the more blood that passes through the veins, the higher the pressure on the artery walls, which means that blood pressure increases.

5. Not physically active

People who regularly do physical activities such as sports, have a lower resting heart rate than those who are not physically active. The higher the heart rate, the harder the heart works, and the stronger the pressure on the walls of the blood vessels.

Prevention of Hypertension

Even though your blood pressure is relatively safe, you still have to take preventive steps, so that you avoid the risk of developing hypertension, heart disease, and stroke.

As you get older, precautions also become more important, as systolic pressure tends to increase after you're 50 and over. The following are some preventive measures that can help reduce or prevent hypertension:

  • Reduce s alt consumption
  • Reduce caffeine consumption
  • Reduce alcohol consumption
  • Do sports
  • Maintaining weight
  • Managing stress

Blood pressure is one of the vital signs of the body. That is, this sign can indicate a person's overall he alth. Therefore, blood pressure checks are one of the checks that need to be carried out regularly so that you can find out which classification of hypertension you belong to.

If a sphygmomanometer (blood pressure measuring device) is available, you can do a blood pressure check independently at home. If not, check your blood pressure to the doctor at least 1-2 years. However, if it turns out that you have high blood pressure, you must follow the control schedule recommended by the doctor.

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