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There are several reasons why babies have trouble sleeping, one of which is their irregular sleep cycles and hours. This condition is normal for babies, but sleeplessness can sometimes be a sign that they are sick or have certain medical conditions
Newborns usually sleep around 16–17 hours a day and only wake up for 1–2 hours. At the age of 6 months and over, babies need about 12–16 hours of sleep per day.
Causes Babies Have Difficulty Sleeping
Babies can often wake up for a few minutes, then fall back asleep. This is normal for babies under the age of 3 months because they are not used to regular hours and sleep patterns. As the baby gets older, he will usually get used to a regular sleep pattern.
However, apart from that, sometimes there are some he alth problems that can cause a baby to have trouble sleeping, including:
Babies have immune systems that are still developing, so they are susceptible to viral and bacterial infections. Some types of infections that are often experienced by babies are ARI.
When exposed to ARI or acute respiratory infection, the baby will have a fever and it will be more difficult to breathe because his nose is blocked by mucus. This is what makes it difficult to sleep.
To overcome this, Mother can do several ways, namely by blowing the nose in the baby's nose using a special pipette. To thin the mucus in the nose, you can also drip sterile s alt water (saline liquid) or let your little one breathe warm steam..
2. Gastric acid reflux
Stomach acid reflux or spitting up is a condition when your little one expels milk from his mouth. This condition is different from vomiting.
Spitting is actually not a dangerous condition, but sometimes spitting up can make it hard for your little one to sleep. This condition will usually get better by itself once it gets bigger.
Although it is not dangerous, Mother needs to be alert and check your little one to the pediatrician if he often has spitting up or there are a lot of them.
The same is true if spit up occurs when your little one is more than 6 months old, makes him refuse to breastfeed, loses weight, looks weak, has shortness of breath, or vomits green, brown, or blood-colored liquid.
3. Ear infection
Ear infections by bacteria or viruses can cause a buildup of fluid behind the infected eardrum. This condition makes the baby fussy and has difficulty sleeping and cries more often than usual.
When you have an ear infection, your little one will also have a fever, runny nose, and won't breastfeed. This condition needs to be immediately checked by a doctor so that your little one can get treatment.
Teething for the first time is normal for a baby's growth. However, the teething process can be quite long and painful.
A number of signs of a baby teething include a lot of drooling, red and swollen gums, red cheeks, difficulty sleeping at night but always active during the day, eating less well, and being fussy and restless.
To overcome the discomfort that your little one feels and anticipates your little one teething, you can do several ways, such as giving a teething toy, wiping the baby's gums with your finger or a clean cloth soaked in cold water, and breastfeeding your little one. more often.
5. Sleep apnea
Sleep apnea or sleep apnea is a serious condition that can interfere with the baby's respiratory system during sleep. Although all babies have a risk of developing sleep apnea, this condition is more common in premature babies or babies with congenital abnormalities.
Tips for Overcoming Sleeping Babies
If your little one has trouble sleeping, you can do the following tips to make him feel more comfortable and sleep better:
- Prepare a comfortable bed with a soft mattress and the right size.
- Give your little one adequate food intake or breastfeed your little one more often.
- Create a comfortable bedroom atmosphere, for example a room that is not too bright, quiet and not a lot of noise, and a warm room temperature.
- Give your little one a gentle massage.
- Put your little one to sleep on their back and avoid the prone position which can increase the risk of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS).
- Avoid extra items in the cot, such as pillows, bolsters, dolls, toys, or quilted blankets that can interfere with sleep.
Some of the tips above can help calm your baby and make him sleep more soundly. However, if your little one is still fussy and has trouble sleeping, you should check your little one to the pediatrician to determine the cause of why he is having trouble sleeping so that treatment can be done properly.