Vitamins and Minerals Needed During Pregnancy

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Vitamins and Minerals Needed During Pregnancy
Vitamins and Minerals Needed During Pregnancy

Vitamins and other nutrients during pregnancy are important to fulfill. This is because the fetus needs adequate nutrition to support growth and development into a he althy baby. To fulfill this, this pregnant woman's vitamin supplement can be a complement to your diet

To meet the needs of vitamins and minerals during pregnancy, you need to eat a variety of he althy foods. However, that alone is not enough. You also need to take vitamins for pregnant women to help meet nutritional deficiencies that may not be obtained from the food consumed.

Vitamins and Minerals Needed During Pregnancy - Alodokter

Various Vitamins and Minerals Needed by Pregnant Women

Supplements for pregnant women contain many vitamins and minerals, but some of the most important ingredients that pregnant women need most from pregnancy supplements are:

1. Folic Acid

Sufficient folic acid is needed to prevent neural tube defects (NTD), namely defects in the baby's nervous system. NTDs usually begin to develop in the first 28 days after conception. At that time, most women did not realize that they were pregnant.

The role of folic acid is very important, so not only during pregnancy, women who are planning to become pregnant or are undergoing a pregnancy program, are also advised to take this vitamin for pregnant women.

The recommended amount of folic acid to consume is around 400 -800 micrograms per day until the pregnancy reaches the age of 3 months.To meet this need, you can eat foods that contain folic acid, such as green vegetables, cereals or whole grains, nuts, and oranges.

However, folic acid is also recommended because folic acid in the form of supplements or tablets is more easily absorbed by the body. So, eating nutritious foods during pregnancy is not enough, so you need to take folic acid supplements.

2. Vitamin D

Pregnant women are advised to consume 10 mcg of vitamin D every day. To meet this need, you can eat foods that contain vitamin D such as salmon, sardines, eggs, and red meat.

However, because the amount of vitamin D contained in food is only small, you need to take vitamin D supplements when pregnant.

Because, the benefits of vitamin D for pregnant women not only support the growth of the baby's bones and teeth, but also can reduce the risk of preeclampsia, gestational diabetes, and premature birth.

3. Calcium

When pregnant, you need to consume at least 1,000 mg of calcium every day. Calcium plays a very important role in the he alth of the bones and teeth of pregnant women and the fetus in the womb. In addition, adequate intake of calcium can also support the growth of the heart, nerves, and muscles of the fetus.

It is even able to reduce the risk of hypertension and preeclampsia. To meet your daily calcium needs, you need to eat high-calcium foods such as tofu, tempeh, kidney beans, soy milk, milk, cheese, yogurt, green leafy vegetables, sardines, salmon, and nuts.

In addition, it may also be necessary to take supplements containing calcium, but you need to consult a doctor first.

4. Iron

Pregnant women need enough iron to form red blood cells, because red blood cells carry oxygen throughout the body and also the fetus.Lack of iron will cause anemia which can make pregnant women constantly feel tired, dizzy, weak, and pale.

Meanwhile, in infants, lack of iron intake during pregnancy can also increase the risk of babies being born prematurely, born with low birth weight and stillbirth.

For that, you need to make sure that your iron intake is adequate. You do this by taking iron supplements even though these supplements may cause side effects in the form of constipation, diarrhea, and interfere with the absorption of other nutrients the body needs.

For that, before taking supplements, try to get iron from natural sources first, such as lean meats, dark green leafy vegetables, dried fruit, and nuts. If it's still not enough, your doctor will usually advise you to take iron supplements.

Best Pregnancy Supplements

In addition to containing vitamins and minerals above, during pregnancy you are also recommended to take supplements containing other vitamins and minerals such as copper, vitamin A, B6, vitamin C, and zinc.

The need for copper intake during pregnancy that must be met is about 1 mg per day. While for vitamin A around 800 mcg per day, vitamin B6 around 1.9 mg per day. As for vitamin C you need about 85 mg per day and zinc around 11-12 mg per day.

To meet this need, consult a gynecologist. If it is felt that the nutritional needs of the food consumed are still lacking, the doctor will prescribe you supplements or vitamins for pregnant women.

You need to remember that pregnant women's vitamin supplements are complementary and not a substitute for the food consumed. So, continue to eat he althy foods and take vitamin supplements as recommended, because if they are consumed in excess, it can also have a negative impact.

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