Know the Spinal Anesthesia Process and its Side Effects

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Know the Spinal Anesthesia Process and its Side Effects
Know the Spinal Anesthesia Process and its Side Effects

Pain during surgery or other medical procedures can be relieved by administering anesthesia. One of the most common anesthetics is spinal anesthesia. Come on, know the spinal anesthesia procedure, its benefits, and the possible side effects

Spinal anesthesia is a form of local anesthetic used to prevent pain in patients who want to perform surgery in the area below the waist. This method is generally safe, although some patients may experience nausea and dizziness as side effects after surgery.

Know the process of spinal anesthesia and its side effects - Alodokter

This is the Procedure for Giving Spinal Anesthesia

Spinal anesthesia is generally given when the patient is in the operating room and is performed by an anesthesiologist. This anesthetic will generally be given with the patient lying on his side with the knees bent toward the chest. This position will help open the gap between the vertebrae to inject the anesthetic.

The anesthesiologist will clean the area of ​​the back where the needle was injected with an antiseptic solution. After that, the doctor injects an anesthetic into the cerebrospinal fluid that surrounds the spinal cord. Even if it hurts, the patient needs to hold back from moving at this point.

Within 5–10 minutes, the patient begins to feel heavy to move the leg until finally unable to move the leg at all.This indicates that the spinal anesthetic is working, so the area of ​​the body that is under the injection site, from the stomach to the feet, can no longer feel pain.

Because it includes local anesthesia, spinal anesthesia allows the patient to remain conscious and can hear what is happening in the operating room, but not feel pain during the operation.

In certain conditions, spinal anesthesia can be combined with sedation or general anesthesia. The doctor will provide several options and help the patient to make the best decision. Here is the explanation:

Spinal anesthesia combined with sedation

In this case, the anesthesiologist will give a small amount of medicine into the patient's infusion, thus making the patient feel the sedative effect, namely feeling relaxed and sleepy. The patient will be semi-conscious and can still hear the sounds around him even if only a little.

Spinal anesthesia followed by general anesthesia

In some situations, the anesthesiologist may use a combination of spinal anesthesia and general anesthesia. This combination is done if there are unexpected situations during the operation, for example the patient starts to feel uncomfortable or the operation turns out to be taking longer.

This condition makes the patient need to be given general anesthesia which will make him unconscious during the operation.

The Benefits of Using Spinal Anesthesia

As mentioned above, spinal anesthesia numbs the area below the waist during surgery, so the patient does not feel pain. This anesthetic is administered to patients undergoing the following surgeries:

  • C-section
  • Urological surgery, such as prostate, bladder, or reproductive organ surgery
  • Orthopedic surgery, such as hip and leg surgery
  • Gynecological surgery, such as myoma removal
  • General surgery, such as hernia and hemorrhoids

In addition to preventing pain due to surgical procedures, spinal anesthesia also has several other advantages. Among them are:

  • Not bad for the respiratory system
  • Less risk of chest infection after surgery
  • Less risk of confusion after surgery, especially in elderly patients
  • Can eat and drink faster after surgery

Beware of Spinal Anesthesia Side Effects

Although spinal anesthesia is considered safe, side effects from this procedure can occur. Generally, the symptoms that appear as a result of this procedure are nausea, dizziness, chills, and fatigue.

In addition, the patient may also feel itching and experience low blood pressure after this procedure. Especially in men, the side effect of spinal anesthesia that is often complained of is difficulty urinating.

In some cases, this procedure can also cause patients to experience difficulty breathing, muscle weakness and pain, and even nerve damage. But don't worry, the doctor will prepare all the anticipation for side effects before the operation to reduce the possibility of this happening.

Spinal anesthesia can be used for many types of surgery and is considered quite safe for most patients, depending on their medical condition and type of surgery.

If you are going to have an operation that requires spinal anesthesia, talk to your doctor about what information you need to know and what things need to be prepared before, during, and after the anesthetic procedure so that your surgery can run more smoothly.

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