Influenza Vaccine, Know the Benefits and Side Effects

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Influenza Vaccine, Know the Benefits and Side Effects
Influenza Vaccine, Know the Benefits and Side Effects

Influenza vaccine is a vaccine that can protect you from flu. This vaccine should be given once a year. Although it is a mild disease, the flu can actually cause big problems for some people

Influenza vaccine is important to give because flu is very easy to spread. This virus can be spread through splashing saliva or contact with items that have been contaminated with the virus.

Influenza Vaccine, Know the Benefits and Side Effects - Alodokter

If this disease attacks the respiratory tract, symptoms can include dry cough, fever, headache, runny nose, muscle aches, and weakness. Cough symptoms can be very severe and last up to 2 weeks, even leading to death.

The Importance of Giving Influenza Vaccines

Although it usually only causes mild symptoms, flu can also cause serious complications. According to WHO, the incidence of complicated influenza reaches 5 million cases per year and the death rate reaches 650,000 cases worldwide.

Complications due to flu are more at risk for the following groups:

  • Children under 5 years old
  • Elderly people (over 65 years old)
  • Pregnant woman
  • People with certain diseases, such as HIV/AIDS, heart disease, chronic lung disease, and asthma

Therefore, WHO, IDAI, and PAPDI recommend the influenza vaccine to be given once a year, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic, to the list of groups of people at risk above.

Some of the complications that can occur include pneumonia, central nervous system disorders, and heart disorders such as myocarditis and heart attacks. In addition, the flu can also exacerbate chronic conditions, such as asthma, diabetes, and congestive heart failure.

Given that flu has the potential to cause serious complications and even death, it is best to take preventive measures against this disease.

One of the right steps is the administration of the influenza vaccine. With this vaccine, your risk of getting the flu will be reduced or your flu symptoms tend to be lighter than if you didn't get the vaccine.

In the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic, the administration of the influenza vaccine is also considered to be able to reduce the risk of severe symptoms of Corona virus infection. However, that doesn't mean giving this vaccine can prevent you from getting infected with the Corona virus, doesn't it!

Influenza Vaccine Type

Currently, in Indonesia there are 2 types of influenza vaccine which are given by injection. The two types of influenza vaccines include:

Quadrivalent Vaccines

The Quadrivalent influenza vaccine contains 2 types of influenza A virus and 2 types of influenza B virus. This vaccine was created to complement the protection against the lesser types of influenza B virus in the Trivalent vaccine.

Quadrivalent flu vaccine can be an option, because this vaccine provides more complete and broad protection against viruses.

Trivalent Vaccine

This vaccine only consists of 3 types of inactivated influenza viruses, namely 2 types of influenza A virus and 1 type of influenza B virus. Trivalent influenza vaccines are made every year based on the type of influenza virus circulating in a certain season.

Influenza vaccine can be given to children, starting from the age of 6 months. The difference with the adult dose, children aged 6 months to 8 years will receive the first dose of 2 vaccinations, with an interval of 1 month.After that, the vaccination is continued once a year.

Influenza vaccine works by building antibodies in a person's body to fight the influenza virus. Influenza vaccine takes about 2 weeks to work to create antibodies in a person's body.

In a tropical country like Indonesia, flu outbreaks can occur at any time. Therefore, there is no specific time to get the influenza vaccine. If in the last 1 year you have not received this vaccine, you can immediately ask your doctor for this vaccine.

In addition, COVID-19 vaccination can also be given at the same time as influenza vaccine without a certain time interval.

In order for the use of the influenza vaccine to be effective and safe, it is recommended that you consult a doctor before vaccinating. Some influenza vaccines contain eggs in them, so they should not be given to people who have a history of severe allergy or anaphylaxis to eggs.

In addition, this vaccine is also not recommended to be given to people who are seriously ill, have had an allergic reaction to the influenza vaccine before, or have experienced Guillain-Barre syndrome after receiving the influenza vaccine.

Influenza Vaccine Side Effects

The body's reaction to influenza vaccination is very diverse. Some do not react at all, some feel side effects. However, the presence or absence of a reaction is not a determinant of the effectiveness or success of the vaccination.

If side effects occur after administering the influenza vaccine, generally these effects are only mild and temporary. Common side effects include:

  • Pain, redness, and swelling at the injection site
  • Fever
  • Nausea
  • Tired
  • Headache
  • Muscle pain

Just like with other vaccines, there is a risk of serious allergies to the influenza vaccine, but it is very rare. Symptoms include swollen eyes and lips, redness all over the body, shortness of breath, and fainting. If this happens, immediately go to the nearest hospital for help.

Even so, influenza vaccination is generally safe for many people. In addition, influenza vaccination is also effective in preventing transmission and reducing the risk of severe complications of influenza.

Therefore, don't forget to fulfill the need for influenza vaccination once a year. Because influenza vaccination not only protects yourself from influenza infection, but also protects people around you who are included in vulnerable groups.

In addition to the influenza vaccine, flu can be prevented in several ways, namely reducing contact with sick people, resting at home when you are sick, eating nutritious food, and drinking enough.

If necessary, wear a mask to avoid spreading the virus when you cough or sneeze, and make it a habit to wash your hands with soap, especially when you are about to eat or touch your face.

If you still have questions about the Influenza vaccination, don't hesitate to consult with your doctor first. That way, the doctor can determine the needs and safety for your condition.

Take care of your he alth, yes, if you still have questions, immediately ask your doctor directly through the ALODOKTER application, or immediately make an appointment for flu vaccination at the nearest he alth facility.

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