Tetanus Vaccine Uses and When To Get It

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Tetanus Vaccine Uses and When To Get It
Tetanus Vaccine Uses and When To Get It

Tetanus vaccine is important to be given to children and adults to avoid tetanus. The reason is, people who do not get the tetanus vaccine are more susceptible to tetanus disease which can cause paralysis or even death

Tetanus disease is caused by infection with the bacterium Clostridium tetani. These bacteria are found in soil, mud, and animal or human feces. Tetanus-causing bacteria can enter the body through cuts or open areas of the skin, for example from a dirty sharp object stab wound.

The Uses of the Tetanus Vaccine and When to Get It - Alodokter

In addition, tetanus can also attack babies. Tetanus in infants or tetanus neonatorum usually occurs in infants whose umbilical cord care is inadequate or who are born to mothers who have not received the tetanus vaccine.

In 2018, the Ministry of He alth of the Republic of Indonesia recorded 10 cases of tetanus with 4 cases of death due to tetanus in Indonesia.

Therefore, the World He alth Organization (WHO) and the Ministry of He alth of the Republic of Indonesia recommend that the tetanus vaccine be given to children and adults to prevent this deadly disease from occurring.

What is the Tetanus Vaccine?

When infecting a person's body, the tetanus germ will release a toxin that can damage the body's nerves, causing muscle stiffness and paralysis or even death.

Tetanus vaccine contains tetanus toxoid, a substance that chemically resembles tetanus toxin but does not damage nerves. When given the tetanus vaccine, a person's immune system will form antibodies against the toxins produced by the tetanus germs.

Thus, when infected with tetanus bacteria in the future, the body of the person who has received the tetanus vaccine will be stronger against the bacteria that cause tetanus.

What Are the Types of Tetanus Vaccines?

Tetanus vaccine is usually combined with vaccines to prevent other diseases, such as whooping cough or pertussis. Therefore, the tetanus vaccine is available in several types, such as:

DPT Vaccine

DPT vaccine is a combination vaccine used to prevent diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis. In children, this vaccine is given 5 times. The initial three doses are given at 2, 3, and 4 months of age, followed by a repeat or booster vaccine at 18 months and 5 years of age.

DPT/Hib Vaccine

Besides DPT, there is also a DPT/Hib vaccine which is equally effective at preventing tetanus. The DPT/Hib vaccine has the same administration schedule as the DPT vaccine.

Only, apart from protecting against diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis, this vaccine also produces immunity against Haemophilus influenzae type b bacteria which is the cause of a number of serious infections, such as meningitis and pneumonia.

TD Vaccine

The TD vaccine (tetanus and diphtheria) or TDaP (tetanus, diphtheria, pertussis) is a follow-up vaccine and is given as the sixth and seventh doses, to children who previously routinely received DPT or DPT/Hib vaccines. It is given when the child is 10–12 years old and 18 years old.

TD vaccine can also be given to children over the age of 10 years and adults who have never received a tetanus vaccine before. In people who have never had the tetanus vaccine before, the TD or TDaP vaccine is given once with a dose of TD vaccine every 10 years.

Besides the vaccines above, there is also a tetanus vaccine which is available in a combination of 5 vaccines, namely the DPT-HIB-HB vaccine. This vaccine provides protection against diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus, Haemophilus influenza type B infection, and hepatitis B. The schedule for administering this vaccine is the same as the DPT/Hib vaccine.

Do Pregnant Women Need to Receive the Tetanus Vaccine?

The answer is yes. It is recommended that every pregnant woman receive the TDaP tetanus vaccine once at 27–36 weeks of gestation. If you have never received a tetanus vaccine during pregnancy, this vaccine can be given when the mother has just given birth or is breastfeeding.

Tetanus vaccine can sometimes cause side effects such as fever and pain or swelling at the injection site. However, these side effects are mild and usually go away on their own in about 2 days.

Therefore, giving the tetanus vaccine is a simple but important step to prevent tetanus.If you or your family have never received a tetanus vaccine before, you should see a doctor to get a tetanus vaccination with the right schedule of administration.

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