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Giving gonorrhea medication can be one of the steps to prevent the spread of sexually transmitted infections, as well as complications that may occur. The main treatment for gonorrhea is antibiotics because this disease is caused by bacteria
Gonorrhea or gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae. Generally, gonorrhea is transmitted through sexual intercourse, either from oral, anal, or vaginal, who do not use a condom with a partner who is infected with gonorrhea.
People who are sexually active have the same chance of getting gonorrhea. However, there are several things that can increase a person's risk of getting gonorrhea, namely:
- Frequently have multiple sexual partners
- Having sex with the same sex
- Having a partner who has a sexually transmitted infection
People who have a high risk of gonorrhea are advised to have regular screening every year.
Various Gonorrhea Drugs
The right therapy to treat gonorrhea is giving antibiotics. Antibiotic therapy aims to kill the bacteria that cause gonorrhea. However, this therapy cannot be used to treat complications due to gonorrhea.
Not only given to people with gonorrhea, antibiotic therapy also needs to be given to their sexual partners. In addition, newborns of mothers with positive gonorrhea should be given antibiotic therapy immediately.
The following are some types of gonorrhea drugs that are usually given by doctors:
Ceftriaxone is a type of antibiotic used to treat gonorrhea. This gonorrhea drug can inhibit the formation of bacterial walls so that bacteria cannot live.
Ceftriaxone is given by injection. Usually, the doctor will give ceftriaxone along with azithromycin.
To treat gonorrhea, azithromycin is always used together with other drugs. This drug for gonorrhea is not injected, but taken by mouth.
While ceftriaxone works by inhibiting the formation of the bacterial wall, azithromycin works by breaking down bacterial DNA so that its development will be inhibited.
Cefixime can also be given to inhibit the growth of bacteria that cause gonorrhea. However, this gonorrhea drug is only used when ceftriaxone is not available.
Just like ceftriaxone, the use of cefixime must still be accompanied by other types of antibiotics.
Doxycycline stops the growth of gonorrhea-causing bacteria by inhibiting the formation of its protein. Doxycycline is usually used as adjunctive therapy with ceftriaxone when bacteria have caused pelvic inflammatory disease.
Babies born to mothers with positive gonorrhea should receive antibiotic ointment for their eyes. This is done because the bacteria that cause gonorrhea in the birth canal can enter the baby's eyes and cause conjunctivitis during delivery.
To prevent infection, the doctor will give erythromycin eye ointment.
All antibiotics can cause allergic reactions. To minimize the risk of an allergic reaction, it is recommended that you tell your doctor if you are allergic to certain antibiotics.
Several types of gonorrhea drugs above can only be used based on doctor's advice. Make sure to follow the doctor's directions in consuming or undergoing treatment for gonorrhea. This is done to optimize the treatment process and reduce the risk of bacterial immunity.
In addition, it is also recommended not to have sex until the treatment is complete and the symptoms of gonorrhea are gone. This is so that you and your partner don't get gonorrhea again.
To prevent the transmission of gonorrhea, it is recommended that you practice safe sex, namely by not changing partners and using condoms when having sex.
If you or your partner have complaints of gonorrhea, don't hesitate to check with your doctor to get the appropriate treatment, including prescribing gonorrhea medication.