Types of Eye Infections and How to Overcome Them

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Types of Eye Infections and How to Overcome Them
Types of Eye Infections and How to Overcome Them

There are various types of eye infections, ranging from mild to severe. This condition can also be caused by many things. Although not all eye infections are dangerous, you still need to be aware of this condition

Eye infections are generally characterized by red, painful, watery, teary eyes, and sensitivity to light. Other symptoms that sufferers also often complain about are feeling like something is stuck in the eye and blurred vision.

Types of Eye Infections and How to Overcome Them - Alodokter

Causes of Eye Infection

The eye is one of the senses that is susceptible to infection. Usually, eye infections occur due to the presence of microorganisms that grow and multiply in the eye. Microorganisms that can infect the eye are:

  • Virus
  • Bacteria
  • Mushroom
  • Parasite

All of these microorganisms can cause eye problems, such as red, sore, watery eyes, and even visual disturbances.

Eye Diseases That Can Arise Due to Eye Infection

There are various eye diseases that can arise due to infection, depending on the part of the eye that is attacked and the microorganism that causes it. The following are some common eye infections:

1. Stye

This eye infection usually arises due to a buildup of oil, dead skin cells, and dirt that clog the oil glands around the eyelashes, so bacteria will easily multiply.

To treat a stye, you can compress the eyelid with warm water for 5-10 minutes. Repeat this method at least 3-4 times a day. Also, avoid using contact lenses and make-up in the eye area for a while.

2. Conjunctivitis

Conjunctivitis is an infection that occurs in the conjunctiva, which is the layer that covers the white part of the eyeball and the inside of the eyelids. Although it is not serious, this eye infection can cause discomfort.

The main causes of conjunctivitis are viral and bacterial infections. Conjunctivitis due to bacterial infection can be treated with antibiotics, either in the form of eye drops or eye ointment. Meanwhile, viral conjunctivitis usually goes away on its own after a few days.

3. Keratitis

Keratitis is an inflammation of the cornea of ​​the eye that can be caused by a bacterial, viral, parasitic, or fungal infection. Because the causes of keratitis are different, the treatment given will also be different, according to the cause.

For example, keratitis due to yeast infection will be treated with antifungal medication, while keratitis due to herpes simplex or herpes zoster will be treated with antiviral medication.

4. Dacryoadenitis

Dacriodenitis is an eye infection that causes inflammation in the tear ducts (lacrimal glands). There are many things that can trigger the appearance of dacrodenitis, but the most common are viral and bacterial infections.

Treatment for dacryoadenitis should also be adjusted according to the cause. In dacryoadenitis due to viral infection, it can heal itself without special treatment. Doctors will only advise patients to get enough rest and routinely compress the eyes using warm water to relieve complaints.

5. Blepharitis

Blepharitis is also a type of eye infection. This condition can be caused by a bacterial infection, allergic reaction, blockage of the oil glands in the eyelash follicles, or it can also be triggered by seborrheic dermatitis and rosacea.

Just like any other eye infection, treatment for blepharitis must be tailored to the cause. One way is to compress the swollen eyelids with warm compresses and gently clean them, so that excess oil and dirt that clogs the eyelash follicles can be removed.

Eye infections can cause discomfort in the eyes, even making vision blurry. If left untreated, some eye infections can trigger a more severe disorder or spread to other areas.

So, if you experience the symptoms of an eye infection that was described earlier, you should consult a doctor to get the right treatment and treatment.

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