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Eye pain medications have different contents with different benefits and ways of working. Therefore, it is important for you to know the various eye pain medications, so as not to choose the wrong medication to treat the eye complaints you are experiencing
Experiencing problems or diseases in the eye can certainly interfere with daily activities. However, using any eye pain medication without knowing in advance what eye disease you have is not a wise way to deal with the complaints that arise. This action actually risks making eye problems worse.
All Kinds of Eye Pain Medicine
The following are some types of eye pain medications that are commonly used, along with their functions:
1. Artificial tears
Eye drops containing artificial tears can moisturize the surface of the eye and are often used to treat dry eyes. Dry eye conditions are usually characterized by symptoms of itching in the eyes, the eyes feel uncomfortable, sore, or like something is stuck in the eye.
In addition to treating dry eyes, artificial tears can also be used to treat red eyes and eye irritation. This medicine can be purchased without a doctor's prescription.
2. Steroid eye drops
Eye pain medication containing steroids must be purchased with a doctor's prescription. Steroids work by inhibiting or suppressing the work of the immune system to reduce inflammation.
Eye pain medications containing steroids are generally used to relieve inflammation, irritation, pain, and swelling of the eyes. Several types of steroid drugs that are often found in eye drops are fluocinolone, prednisolone, dexamethasone, and fluorometholone.
Infection of the eye due to bacteria can be characterized by the appearance of symptoms in the form of red, watery eyes, and discharge of yellow or green pus (belekan). If you experience this condition, it is recommended to use eye pain medication that contains antibiotics.
Some types of antibiotics that are often used to treat eye infections are chloramphenicol, gentamicin, tobramycin, ciprofloxacin, levoflxacin, bacitracin, neomycin, and polymyxin.
Eye pain medications that contain antibiotics are only effective at killing bacteria, these drugs are not effective at treating eye infections caused by viruses or fungi.To determine the right choice of eye antibiotics to treat bacterial infections of the eye, you need to consult a doctor first.
Eye pain medication with antihistamine content is used to relieve itchy and watery eyes due to allergies. Antihistamines work by inhibiting the production of histamine, a natural substance that triggers allergy symptoms. Some antihistamine eye pain medications are ketotifen and chlorpheniramine maleate.
Ophthalmic medications containing antihistamines are not recommended for use in children younger than 3 years, people with glaucoma, and people who are taking certain medications, such as benzalkonium chloride.
5. Beta blockers (beta blockers)
Beta-blocking eye pain medication, such as timolol, works to reduce excess pressure in the eyeball caused by glaucoma or high blood pressure (ocular hypertension). This medicine must be obtained according to a doctor's prescription.
However, not everyone can use this type of eye pain medication. Doctors usually do not recommend the use of beta-blocking eye pain medication in people who have certain diseases, such as asthma, COPD, and heart disorders.
6. Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors
This eye pain medication is used to treat glaucoma. The way this drug works is by inhibiting the production of fluid in the eyeball, so that the pressure inside the eyeball can be reduced.
For the treatment of glaucoma, this drug is often used in conjunction with other eye medications, such as beta blocker eye drops as well as bimatoprost and latanoprost.
As explained earlier, eye pain medications are available in various types and forms. Each of them has a different way of working and its intended use.
So, to find out the type of eye pain medication and the right dose to deal with the eye problems you are experiencing, please consult your doctor about it.