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Sensitive teeth are temporary pain (pain) when doing certain activities such as brushing teeth, and eating or drinking hot or cold. If the sensation of pain appears, this condition can interfere with activities. Here are the facts and tips for dealing with sensitive teeth that you need to know
Sensitive teeth can cause simple activities, such as eating ice cream or drinking hot coffee, to be painful. The enamel layer on he althy teeth protects the crown of the tooth that is above the gum line.Meanwhile, to protect the roots of the teeth there is a layer called cementum. Then there is the dentin which is under the enamel and cementum. Dentin itself is not as dense as enamel or cementum. When both protective layers of dentin are lost, hot, cold, acidic, or sticky food can reach the nerves and cells inside the tooth. This condition causes sensitive teeth.
Recognizing the Causes of Sensitive Teeth
There are several factors that trigger the occurrence of sensitive teeth, including:
- The hole in the tooth.
- Broken tooth.
- Inflammation of the gums (gingivitis).
- Toothbrushing is too strong or too rough. The use of hard bristles and strong force can damage the protective coating of the teeth and create tiny cavities in the teeth.
- Plaque buildup.
- Often consume foods and drinks that are too acidic. For example, tomato sauce, lemon, kiwi, and pickles can cause sensitive teeth to ache.
- Mouthwash that contains alcohol. The alcohol and other chemicals in mouthwash can make teeth sensitive. Toothpaste that contains whitening can also cause the same thing.
- The habit of grinding teeth.
- Side effects of a procedure performed by a dentist, such as teeth whitening, tooth extraction, crowning. If the pain persists after a few days, contact the dentist immediately, because the pain could be caused by an infection.
- Decay at the edges of dental fillings.
The Right Way to Handle Sensitive Teeth
Sensitive teeth are not a serious condition, but they can interfere with your daily activities. And clearly, sensitive teeth can be treated. Treatments that are generally recommended by doctors for sensitive teeth include:
- Use toothpaste with a special formula for sensitive teeth.
- Use toothpaste with Novamin technology (calcium formula) which can protect the layer of cavities that can cause toothache. Sodium calcium phosphosilicate contained in novamin is useful for reducing hypersensitivity in teeth, cleaning plaque, and eradicating germs on teeth.
- Use toothpaste that contains fluoride. Applying fluoride to sensitive areas of your teeth can help strengthen tooth enamel and reduce pain.
- Closing. Open or sensitive tooth roots can be treated by applying a special compound to cover the sensitive tooth roots.
- Tooth root canal (root canal). This is a procedure performed to treat infection at the center of the tooth root, by cleaning and placing fillings on cavities or sensitive teeth.
- Gum surgery. Tooth roots that have lost the gum layer can cause toothache. Doctors can take a protective layer from another gum, and then put it on this sensitive part.
Here are some ways to prevent sensitive teeth from occurring:
- Avoid brushing your teeth too hard.
- Use a soft-bristled toothbrush.
- Avoid acidic foods and drinks such as soda, sticky candy, and those containing high sugar or carbohydrates such as chocolate and ice cream. Eating cheese, milk, green tea, black tea, low-sugar gum, and yogurt will also help fight acids and bacteria that can eat away at your teeth. Plus, don't brush your teeth immediately after consuming acidic foods or drinks.
- Although it is temporary, teeth whitening procedures can cause sensitive teeth. Talk to your dentist about the teeth whitening procedure and the risks that come with it.
- Make sure to brush your teeth twice a day as recommended by your doctor.
- It is recommended to use a special toothpaste for sensitive teeth.
- If you want to use a mouthwash, choose an alcohol-free product and use it according to the doctor's recommendations.
Make sure to choose a toothpaste with the right ingredients, namely toothpaste with Novamin technology to protect and repair sensitive teeth as recommended so that toothache can be avoided. The active ingredients of toothpaste containing Novamin can overcome the symptoms of sensitive teeth. If you experience sensitive teeth, immediately consult a dentist to identify and provide more intensive treatment and care if your sensitive teeth do not improve after trying some of the methods above.